文章摘要
李文生,王宝刚,侯玉茹,苗飞.物流环境对樱桃品质影响研究[J].包装工程,2016,37(7):36-39,91.
LI Wen-sheng,WANG Bao-gang,HOU Yu-ru,MIAO Fei.Effect of Logistics on Quality of Sweet Cherry[J].Packaging Engineering,2016,37(7):36-39,91.
物流环境对樱桃品质影响研究
Effect of Logistics on Quality of Sweet Cherry
投稿时间:2015-07-29  修订日期:2016-04-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 樱桃  物流  贮藏  货架期
英文关键词: cherry  logistics  storage  shelf life
基金项目:农业部公益性行业 (农业) 科研专项 (201203095);北京市农林科学院科技创新能力建设专项 (KJCX20140205)
作者单位
李文生 1. 北京市农林科学院林业果树研究所北京 1000932. 果蔬农产品保鲜与加工北京市重点实验室北京 100097 
王宝刚 1. 北京市农林科学院林业果树研究所北京 1000932. 果蔬农产品保鲜与加工北京市重点实验室北京 100097 
侯玉茹 北京市农林科学院林业果树研究所北京 100093 
苗飞 北京市农林科学院林业果树研究所北京 100093 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究樱桃物流中温度、 湿度变化及运输后不同温度下的贮藏适期。方法 采用自动温湿度记录仪记录樱桃物流全程温湿度变化, 并将果实在0, 5和20 ℃环境下贮藏。结果 未预冷的樱桃在30 h的物流过程中, 温度为15.4~27.3 ℃, 相对湿度为64.5%~97.6%, 运输后在0~5 ℃下贮藏能够保持果实较好的品质。结论 在未预冷条件下, 用冷藏车可以长途运输樱桃, 但运输后不适宜长期贮藏, 需要及时销售, 即便到达目的地后在冷藏条件下进行贮藏, 销售期也不宜超过采摘后5 d。
英文摘要:
      The aim of the study was to investigate the changes of temperature and relative humidity in refrigerated truck during commercial logistics of sweet cherry, and to obtain the appropriate storage period at different temperatures after transportation. The temperature and relative humidity during the whole commercial logistics process were recorded by automatic temperature and humidity recorder. On arrival, sweet cherry was stored at 0, 5 and 20 ℃ , respectively. The temperature was 15.4~27.3 ℃ and the relative humidity was 64.5% ~97.6% in refrigerated truck of sweet cherry without pre-cooling during the 30 h logistics. Sweet cherry stored at 0~5 ℃ after transportation kept better qualities. In conclusion, sweet cherry without pre-cooling could be long-distance transported in refrigerated truck. However, these fruits were not suitable for long-term storage, and need to sold in a timely manner. Even if stored under cold storage condition after transportation, sales period of sweet cherry should not be more than 5 d after harvest.
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