文章摘要
万哲,卢立新,丘晓琳.基于二乙醇胺/PVA的选择性渗透膜制备及表征[J].包装工程,2018,39(1):64-68.
WAN Zhe,LU Li-xin,QIU Xiao-lin.Preparation and Characterization of Permselective Membranes Based on Diethanolamine/PVA[J].Packaging Engineering,2018,39(1):64-68.
基于二乙醇胺/PVA的选择性渗透膜制备及表征
Preparation and Characterization of Permselective Membranes Based on Diethanolamine/PVA
投稿时间:2017-02-17  修订日期:2018-01-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 包装膜  气体透过率  选择性  胺基载体  气调包装
英文关键词: packaging membranes  gas transmission rate  selectivity  amine carrier  modified atmosphere packaging
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2016YFD0400701)
作者单位
万哲 江南大学无锡 214122 
卢立新 1.江南大学无锡 2141222.江苏省食品先进制造装备技术重点实验室无锡 214122 
丘晓琳 1.江南大学无锡 2141222.江苏省食品先进制造装备技术重点实验室无锡 214122 
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中文摘要:
      目的 制备一种二乙醇胺/聚乙烯醇(PVA)涂覆于低密度聚乙烯的选择性渗透膜,并对其性能进行研究。方法 以硅藻土为添加剂、低密度聚乙烯(LDPE)为基膜,以二乙醇胺为胺基载体的复合聚乙烯醇为涂层,通过将涂膜液涂覆在低密度聚乙烯膜上制备新型选择性渗透膜,并研究二乙醇胺载体选择性渗透膜的气体选择性透过性能、二乙醇胺载体对渗透膜结构与性能的影响。结果 试验制备的基于二乙醇胺/PVA的选择性渗透膜的CO2和O2的渗透系数比值最高可达5.13。结论 所制备薄膜提高了CO2气体渗透率,CO2和O2的气体选择性系数。随着二乙醇胺载体含量的增加,复合膜拉伸强度变化不显著,断裂伸长率随着胺基载体含量的增大略有上升。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to prepare a low density polyethylene permselective membrane applied with diethanolamine/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and study its properties. With diatomaceous earth as additive, low density polyethylene (LDPE) as basal membrane, and composite polyvinyl alcohol (taking diethanolamine as the amine carrier) as coating, a new permselective membrane was prepared with membrane solution applied on the LDPE memberane. The influences of the gas permselective performance of the permselective membrane of diethanolamine carrier and the diethanolamine carrier on the structure and performance of permeable membrane were studied. The maximum permeability coefficient ratio of CO2 and O2 of the permselective membrane prepared with diethanolamine/PVA in the test can reach up to 5.13. The membrane prepared has improved the penetration rate of CO2 and the selectivity coefficients of CO2 and O2. With the increase of diethanolamine carrier content, the tensile strength of composite membrane does not change significantly, but the elongation at break first increases slightly with the increase of amine carrier content.
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