文章摘要
江玉杰,高卓.航运联盟空箱调运决策模型[J].包装工程,2018,39(17):111-117.
JIANG Yu-jie,GAO Zhuo.Decision Model of Shipping Alliance Empty Container Repositioning[J].Packaging Engineering,2018,39(17):111-117.
航运联盟空箱调运决策模型
Decision Model of Shipping Alliance Empty Container Repositioning
投稿时间:2018-05-07  修订日期:2018-09-10
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2018.17.018
中文关键词: 航运联盟  空箱调运  合作调箱  紧密程度
英文关键词: shipping alliance  empty container repositioning  cooperative empty container repositioning  tightness degree
基金项目:广东省特色创新类项目(2016GXJK222);广东省教育教学成果奖培育项目(1322);广东省普通高校青年创新人才项目(2015KQNCX234);2017年广东省本科高校教学质量与教学改革工程项目(340);上海海事大学研究生学术新人培育计划(YXR2017014)
作者单位
江玉杰 1.上海海事大学 物流研究中心上海 201306 
高卓 2.华南农业大学珠江学院 基础部广州 510900 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究航运公司之间合作调箱紧密程度对空箱调运总成本的影响。方法 考虑空箱调运时间窗,以空箱调运总成本最小为目标,建立航运联盟空箱调运决策模型,然后通过具体算例,研究“资源不共享、运力共享、空箱共享、运力和空箱同时共享”这4种调箱策略,以及空箱调运时间窗和经济参数变化对空箱调运总成本的影响。结果 与资源不共享策略相比,运力共享策略、空箱共享策略、运力和空箱同时共享策略下空箱调运总成本分别减少了4.90%, 2.11%, 6.28%。结论 通过加大航运公司之间合作调箱的紧密程度,不仅能降低其空箱调运总成本,而且也能削弱空箱堆存费率和租赁费率的增加对空箱调运总成本的影响,以及弱化空箱调运时间窗对空箱调运总成本的影响,但空箱调运费率和运费加成因子的增加会缩小合作调箱紧密程度的优势。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to study the impact of tightness degree in cooperative empty container repositioning between shipping companies on the total cost of empty container repositioning. Considering empty container repositioning time window, with the minimization of the total cost of empty container repositioning as objective, the decision model of shipping alliance empty container repositioning was established. Then, through a specific example, the influence of four empty container repositioning strategies (including "resource not sharing strategy, shipping capacity sharing strategy, empty container sharing strategy, and simultaneous sharing of shipping capacity and empty container strategy"), empty container repositioning time window and the change of economic parameters on the total cost of empty container repositioning was studied. Compared with the resource not sharing strategy, the total cost of empty container repositioning under the shipping capacity sharing strategy, empty container sharing strategy, and simultaneous sharing of shipping capacity and empty container strategy were reduced by 4.90%, 2.11% and 6.28%, respectively. In concision, by strengthening the tightness degree in cooperative empty container repositioning between shipping companies, both the total cost of empty container repositioning and the influence of increasing cost rate in holding and leasing empty containers on the total cost of empty container repositioning can be weakened, and the influence of empty container repositioning time window on the total cost of empty container repositioning can also be lessened; nevertheless, the increase of cost rate in repositioning empty container and freight royalty factor may decrease the superiority in the tightness degree of cooperative empty container repositioning.
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