文章摘要
王晶,齐明思,张伟,张纪平,侯晓丽,王志坚.相对密度对球体开孔泡沫铝压缩及吸能性能的影响[J].包装工程,2019,40(21):105-110.
WANG Jing,QI Ming-si,ZHANG Wei,ZHANG Ji-ping,HOU Xiao-li,WANG Zhi-jian.Influence of Relative Density on Compression Properties and Energy Absorption of Spherical Open Cell Aluminum Foam[J].Packaging Engineering,2019,40(21):105-110.
相对密度对球体开孔泡沫铝压缩及吸能性能的影响
Influence of Relative Density on Compression Properties and Energy Absorption of Spherical Open Cell Aluminum Foam
投稿时间:2019-06-27  修订日期:2019-11-10
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2019.21.016
中文关键词: 球体开孔泡沫铝  压缩性能  吸能效率  理想吸能效率
英文关键词: spherical open cell aluminum foam  compression property  energy absorption efficiency  ideal energy absorption efficiency
基金项目:山西省自然科学基金(201601D102035)
作者单位
王晶 1.中北大学太原 030051 
齐明思 1.中北大学太原 030051 
张伟 2.太原市热力集团有限责任公司太原 030001 
张纪平 1.中北大学太原 030051 
侯晓丽 1.中北大学太原 030051 
王志坚 1.中北大学太原 030051 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究球体开孔泡沫铝的相对密度在准静态压缩过程中对球体开孔泡沫铝压缩性能和吸能性能的影响。方法 对准备的3种不同相对密度的泡沫铝试样进行准静态压缩试验。结果 利用相关软件绘制出不同相对密度球体开孔泡沫铝试样的实验曲线,由分析试验曲线可知,当泡沫铝的相对密度从0.35提升到0.392时,球体开孔泡沫铝的屈服强度虽增加了3.2 MPa,但吸能效率的最大值下降了近2.4%。 结论 随着泡沫铝相对密度的提高,其压缩性能越高、抗压强度越高。在同等应变下,高密度泡沫铝比低密度泡沫铝的吸能性能好。泡沫铝相对密度越大,吸能效率的最大值越小,理想吸能效率的最大值也越小。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to study the effect of relative density of spherical open cell aluminum foam in the quasi-static compression process on the compression properties and energy absorption of spherical open cell aluminum foam. Quasi-static compression experiments were carried out on three prepared aluminum foam samples with different relative densities. The experimental curves of spherical open cell aluminum foam samples with different relative densities were plotted with relevant software. From the analysis of experimental curves, when the relative density of aluminum foam increased from 0.35 to 0.392, the yield strength of spherical open cell aluminum foam increased by 3.2 MPa, but the maximum energy absorption efficiency decreased by nearly 2.4%. With the increase of relative density of aluminum foam, the higher the compression properties, the higher the compressive strength. Under the same strain, the aluminum foam with higher density has better energy absorption than that with lower density. The higher the relative density of aluminum foam, the lower the maximum energy absorption efficiency and the maximum ideal energy absorption efficiency.
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