文章摘要
陈宁,汪文俊,单鹏嘉,陈金周,刘宏治.DCP对生物基单体原位聚合增韧聚乳酸效果的影响[J].包装工程,2020,41(23):51-59.
CHEN Ning,WANG Wen-jun,SHAN Peng-jia,CHEN Jin-zhou,LIU Hong-zhi.Influence of DCP on Toughening Efficacy of PLA Modified viaIn-situ Polymerization of Biobased Monomers[J].Packaging Engineering,2020,41(23):51-59.
DCP对生物基单体原位聚合增韧聚乳酸效果的影响
Influence of DCP on Toughening Efficacy of PLA Modified viaIn-situ Polymerization of Biobased Monomers
投稿时间:2020-03-24  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2020.23.008
中文关键词: 聚乳酸  过氧化二异丙苯  增韧  力学性能  生物基
英文关键词: PLA  DCP  toughening  mechanical property  biobased
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51573169);浙江省自然科学基金(LY15E030007)
作者单位
陈宁 浙江农林大学杭州 311300 
汪文俊 浙江农林大学杭州 311300 
单鹏嘉 浙江农林大学杭州 311300 
陈金周 郑州大学郑州 450001 
刘宏治 浙江农林大学杭州 311300
浙大宁波理工学院浙江 宁波 315100 
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中文摘要:
      目的 改善大豆油多元醇和L-赖氨酸乙酯二异氰酸酯作为生物基单体原位聚合增韧聚乳酸(PLA)共混物的界面相容性。方法 在上述2种单体原位聚合增韧PLA的过程中,添加少量过氧化二异丙苯(DCP),诱导聚合形成的聚氨酯增韧相与PLA基体之间发生增容反应;然后再研究添加DCP后,对所制备PLA共混物微观结构、力学性能及结晶/熔融性能的影响规律。结果 加入DCP后,发现聚氨酯增韧相凝胶含量增加,同时共混物界面相容性得到改善。当DCP质量分数为0.8%时,共混物缺口冲击强度达到最高(12.3 kJ/m2),约为纯PLA的4.4倍。随着DCP质量分数从0增加1.2 %,共混物中PLA组分的熔融温度和结晶度逐渐从163.8 ℃和7.3%降至155.6 ℃和3.2%。结论 在生物基单体原位聚合增韧PLA体系中添加少量DCP,可制备出一种具有良好韧性的全生物基PLA材料。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to improve interphase compatibility of the PLA blend system toughened by vegetable oil polyol and L-lysine ethyl ester diisocyanate (LDI) as biobased monomers via in-situ polymerization. In the process of toughening PLA by the above 2 monomers via in-situ polymerization, a small amount of dicumyl peroxide (DCP) was incorporated to initiate reactive compatibilization between the in-situformed crosslinked polyurethane toughening phase and PLA matrix. Then, the effects of DCP on microstructure, mechanical properties, and crystallization/melting properties of the prepared PLA blend system were investigated, respectively. The addition of DCP resulted in not only an increase in gel content of polyurethane as a toughening phase, but also an improvement in interfacial compatibility. When the weight content of DCP was 0.8%, the notched impact strength for PLA blend system reached the highest value (12.3 kJ/m2) that was 4.4 times that of neat PLA. Besides, with an increase in the amount of DCP from 0 to 1.2%, both melting peak temperature and crystallinity associated with PLA component in the blend system decreased gradually from 163.8 ℃ and 7.3% to 155.6 ℃ and 3.2%, respectively. Therefore, a kind of full biobased PLA material with good toughness can be obtained by incorporating a small amount of DCP into the PLA system toughened with biobased monomers via the in-situ polymerization approach.
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