文章摘要
张效林,迪静静,李少歌,李佳,王哲,徐龙.不同种类废纸纤维形态及结构特性研究[J].包装工程,2021,42(3):47-53.
ZHANG Xiao-lin,DI Jing-jing,LI Shao-ge,LI Jia,WANG Zhe,XU Long.Morphological and Structural Characteristics of Different Types of Wastepaper Fibers[J].Packaging Engineering,2021,42(3):47-53.
不同种类废纸纤维形态及结构特性研究
Morphological and Structural Characteristics of Different Types of Wastepaper Fibers
投稿时间:2020-06-19  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2021.03.007
中文关键词: 废纸纤维  形态参数  结构特性  结晶度  热解性能
英文关键词: wastepaper fibers  morphological parameter  structural characteristic  crystallinity  pyrolysis performance
基金项目:陕西省自然科学基金(2015JM3080);陕西省教育厅重点科研计划(20JY051)
作者单位
张效林 西安理工大学西安 710048 
迪静静 西安理工大学西安 710048 
李少歌 西安理工大学西安 710048 
李佳 西安理工大学西安 710048 
王哲 西安理工大学西安 710048 
徐龙 西安理工大学西安 710048 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究4种最常见废纸纤维的性能,探索废纸纤维更广泛的用途,从而实现废纸的高值化和资源化利用。方法 通过纤维分析、FT-IR、XRD、SEM、TG等手段研究旧报纸、箱纸板、打印纸、书刊纸纤维的形态、结构特性、结晶情况和热解性能。结果 旧报纸纤维表面较粗糙,纤维受损严重,且扭结程度较大,细小纤维含量多,热稳定性最差;旧箱纸板纤维表面粗糙度相对较高,扭结程度最低;打印纸纤维长径比最大,形态和表面相对完整;书刊纸纤维表面较粗糙,结晶度最大。经FT-IR分析发现,箱纸板纤维表面羟基相对较少,打印纸和书刊纸存在较多的填料。结论 旧箱纸板和书刊纸纤维的综合性能相对较好,更利于与其他材料复合成型。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to study the properties of the four most common wastepaper fibers and explore the wider use of wastepaper, so as to realize the high value and resource utilization of wastepaper. The morphological and structural characteristics, crystallization and pyrolysis performance of fibers in waste newspaper, cardboard, printing paper and book paper were studied by means of fiber analysis, FT-IR, XRD, SEM and TG. The waste newspaper fibers had rougher surface and were badly damaged and kinked, and the content of fine fiber was high, so the thermal stability was the worst. The roughness of cardboard fibers was higher, and the degree of kinking was the lowest. The length-width ratio of printing paper fibers was the biggest and the morphology and surface were relatively complete. The book paper fibers had large roughness and the maximum crystallinity. Through FT-IR analysis, there were fewer hydroxyl groups on the surface of cardboard fibers, but more fillers on the printing paper and book paper. The fibers of waster cardboard and boob paper have better comprehensive performance and are more suitable to be combined with other materials.
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