文章摘要
罗权权,李保国,王振,朱传辉,沈传世.高压电场技术及其在农业领域中的应用[J].包装工程,2021,42(3):226-234.
LUO Quan-quan,LI Bao-guo,WANG Zhen,ZHU Chuan-hui,SHEN Chuan-shi.High-voltage Electric Field Technology and Its Application in the Field of Agriculture[J].Packaging Engineering,2021,42(3):226-234.
高压电场技术及其在农业领域中的应用
High-voltage Electric Field Technology and Its Application in the Field of Agriculture
投稿时间:2020-02-27  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2021.03.032
中文关键词: 高压电场  食品加工  应用分类  电晕放电
英文关键词: high-voltage electric field  food processing  application classification  corona discharge
基金项目:
作者单位
罗权权 上海理工大学 食品科学与工程研究所上海 200093 
李保国 上海理工大学 食品科学与工程研究所上海 200093 
王振 上海理工大学 食品科学与工程研究所上海 200093 
朱传辉 上海理工大学 食品科学与工程研究所上海 200093 
沈传世 上海原野蔬菜食品有限公司上海 201501 
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中文摘要:
      目的 综述高压电场技术及其在农业领域中的应用,并总结其优缺点和未来的发展趋势。方法 介绍高压电场技术的基本原理、典型高压电场处理装置,分析不同高压电场的电极类型,以及高压电场技术应用研究的新进展。结果 高压电场电晕放电属于一种尖端放电的物理现象,起到了抑菌、促萌发、抗氧化等生物效果;并减少了食品冷冻损伤,加快了食品干燥速率;提高了工业除尘效率。结论 高压电场技术在食品领域应用广泛,但电离空气产生的臭氧以及破坏细胞组织结构都会产生副作用。未来需要从高压电场的作用机理出发,进行学科领域交叉性研究,拓宽高压电场在各行业的利用,例如,打印机、船体除垢、电池、燃料控制等方向。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to review the high-voltage electric field technology and its application in field of agriculture, and summarize its advantages and disadvantages as well as future development trends. The basic principle of high-voltage electric field technology and typical high-voltage electric field processing equipment were introduced. The different electrodes of high-voltage electric field, and the new development of high-voltage electric field technology application research were analyzed. High-voltage electric field corona discharge was a physical phenomenon of cutting-edge discharge, which had biological effects such as bacteria inhibition, promotion of seed germination, and oxidation resistance and could reduce food freezing damage, accelerate food drying rate and improve industrial dust removal efficiency. High-voltage electric field technology is widely used in the food field, but the ozone produced by ionized air and the destruction of cell tissue structure will have side effects. In the future, cross-disciplinary research needs to be carried out from the mechanism of high-voltage electric field to expand the use of high-voltage electric field in various industries, such as printers, ship hull descaling, batteries, fuel control, etc.
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