文章摘要
巩桂芬,李想.两款木包装箱的生命周期影响分析及对比[J].包装工程,2021,42(5):134-141.
GONG Gui-fen,LI Xiang.Impact Analysis and Comparison of Two Wooden Packaging Boxes during Life Cycle[J].Packaging Engineering,2021,42(5):134-141.
两款木包装箱的生命周期影响分析及对比
Impact Analysis and Comparison of Two Wooden Packaging Boxes during Life Cycle
投稿时间:2020-09-03  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2021.05.017
中文关键词: 钢边箱  传统木箱  生命周期评价  环境影响
英文关键词: steel-edge boxes  traditional wooden packaging boxes  life cycle assessment (LCA)  environmental impact
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51575327);陕西省教育厅重点实验室及基地项目(16JS014);陕西省教育厅2014陕西本科高校专业综合改革试点子项目(陕教高[2014]16号)
作者单位
巩桂芬 陕西科技大学 陕西省造纸技术与特种纸品开发重点研究室西安 710021
陕西科技大学中国轻工业纸基功能材料重点实验室西安 710021
陕西科技大学轻化工程国家级实验教学示范中心西安 710021 
李想 陕西科技大学 陕西省造纸技术与特种纸品开发重点研究室西安 710021
陕西科技大学中国轻工业纸基功能材料重点实验室西安 710021
陕西科技大学轻化工程国家级实验教学示范中心西安 710021 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究木包装箱在全生命周期过程中对环境的影响,对比钢边箱和传统木箱对环境的影响。方法 通过全生命周期分析软件eBalance分析2款木包装箱从产品生产、物流运输到使用后的废物管理整个生命周期的物耗、能耗及向环境中的排放,对其数据清单进行分类、特征化和归一化计算,得到木包装箱3个流程的主要环境影响类型和对应指标值。结果 传统木箱在产品生产、物流运输和废物管理流程的LCIA加权综合指标分别为6.87514×10−9,1.93549×10−12,5.20×10−13,其中胶合板生产在产品生产过程中的占比为99.86%,胶合板处理在废物管理过程中的占比为99.82%;钢边箱在产品生产、物流运输和废物管理流程的LCIA加权综合指标分别为6.53463×10−9,3.57256×10−13,2.96531×10−13,其中胶合板生产在产品生产过程中的占比为97.43%,胶合板处理在废物管理过程中的占比为99.38%;钢边箱对环境影响的总量比传统木箱小约5%。结论 木包装箱全生命周期的环境影响主要体现在胶合板的生产和废物管理过程中,木包装箱在设计、生产加工、运输、废弃物处理等方面都有较大的改进余地,钢边箱比传统木箱更具有环境友好性,对木包装箱绿色化的生产设计具有参考意义。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to study the environmental impacts of wooden packaging boxes during the whole life cycle, and compare the impacts of steel-edge boxes and traditional wooden packaging boxes on the environment. The eBalance was used to analyze the material consumption, energy consumption and emission to the environment of the two wooden packaging boxes during the whole life cycle from product manufacturing, logistics transportation to waste disposal after use. The data list was classified, characterized and normalized to obtain the environmental impact types and corresponding index values of wooden packaging boxes in the three main processes. The LCIA weighted comprehensive indexes of traditional wooden packaging boxes in product manufacturing, logistics transportation and waste disposal processes were respectively 6.87514×10−9, 1.93549×10−12 and 5.2010−13, in which plywood production accounted for 99.86% in the product manufacturing process, and plywood treatment accounted for 99.82% in the waste disposal process. The LCIA weighted comprehensive indexes of steel-edge boxes in product manufacturing, logistics transportation and waste disposal processes were respectively 6.53463×10−9, 3.57256×10−13 and 2.9653110−13, in which plywood production accounted for 97.43% in the product manufacturing process, and plywood treatment accounted for 99.38% in the waste disposal process. The impact of steel-edge boxes on the environment was about 5% smaller than that of traditional wooden packaging boxes. The environmental impact of wooden packaging boxes during the whole life cycle is mainly reflected in the production and waste disposal process of plywood. Wooden packaging boxes have great space for improvement in design, production, transportation, waste disposal and other aspects. Steel-edge boxes are more environmentally friendly than traditional wooden packaging boxes, which has reference significance for green production design of wooden packaging boxes.
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