文章摘要
张冬,王贵容,李志刚.基于QFD的外卖包装设计顾客需求分析模型构建[J].包装工程,2021,42(5):216-222.
ZHANG Dong,WANG Gui-rong,LI Zhi-gang.Customer Demand Analysis Model of Takeaway Packaging Design Based on QFD[J].Packaging Engineering,2021,42(5):216-222.
基于QFD的外卖包装设计顾客需求分析模型构建
Customer Demand Analysis Model of Takeaway Packaging Design Based on QFD
投稿时间:2020-08-16  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2021.05.028
中文关键词: QFD  外卖包装  顾客需求  粗糙集  Kano模型
英文关键词: QFD  takeaway packaging  customer demand  rough set  Kano
基金项目:四川省系统科学与企业发展研究中心重点项目(Xq18B05)
作者单位
张冬 成都理工大学 管理科学学院成都 610059 
王贵容 航空工业成都飞机工业集团有限责任公司成都 610000 
李志刚 成都理工大学 管理科学学院成都 610059 
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中文摘要:
      目的 为满足企业在疫情下对外卖产品包装质量提供更加准确的改进方向和快速决策争取宝贵时效,提出一种基于QFD研究框架的包装设计模型。方法 该模型在传统QFD的基础上运用粗糙集获取顾客需求初始权重,避免需求分析过程中的主观弊端,再结合Kano模型将顾客需求进行分类,最终确定顾客的需求重要度。结果 通过模型分析得出了前3个需要重点改进的顾客需求,分别为有防疫提示、包装严实、一次性开启,其最终重要度分别为0.22,0.21和0.18。结论 运用该模型可以使外卖包装设计更加准确地满足客户需求,同时也为外卖包装服务质量的改进提供了合理的工具方法。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to propose a packaging design model based on the QFD research framework, in order to provide more accurate improvement direction for the packaging quality of takeaway products sold by enterprises under the COVID-19 and make quick decisions for precious efficiency Based on traditional QFD, the model used rough set to obtain first-level priority for customer requirements. In order to avoid subjectivity in the demand analysis, the Kano model was also used to classify customer demands, which finalized the priority of customer demands. Through analysis by the model, three key customer demands required to be improved in takeaway packaging under the COVID-19 were obtained:epidemic prevention tips, secure packing, and non-refillable material, with priority of 0.22, 0.21 and 0.18, respectively. This model allows the design for takeaway packaging to meet customer demands more accurately and also provides reasonable method for improving the service quality of takeaway package.
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