文章摘要
王峙力,王鑫,韩烨,谢越,马永强.甜玉米芯硒多糖的制备及其对淀粉酶抑制作用[J].包装工程,2021,42(21):33-41.
WANG Zhi-li,WANG Xin,HAN Ye,XIE Yue,MA Yong-qiang.Preparation of Selenium Polysaccharide from Sweet Corncob and Its Inhibitory Effect on Amylase[J].Packaging Engineering,2021,42(21):33-41.
甜玉米芯硒多糖的制备及其对淀粉酶抑制作用
Preparation of Selenium Polysaccharide from Sweet Corncob and Its Inhibitory Effect on Amylase
投稿时间:2021-02-06  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2021.21.005
中文关键词: 硒化修饰  甜玉米芯多糖  硒含量  酶活性抑制
英文关键词: selenium modification  sweet corncob polysaccharide  selenium content  inhibition of enzyme activity
基金项目:哈尔滨商业大学青年人才项目(2019CX31);哈尔滨商业大学研究生创新基金(YJSCX2020-686HSD)
作者单位
王峙力 哈尔滨商业大学 食品工程学院 黑龙江省谷物食品与谷物资源综合加工重点实验室哈尔滨 150076 
王鑫 哈尔滨商业大学 食品工程学院 黑龙江省谷物食品与谷物资源综合加工重点实验室哈尔滨 150076 
韩烨 哈尔滨商业大学 食品工程学院 黑龙江省谷物食品与谷物资源综合加工重点实验室哈尔滨 150076 
谢越 哈尔滨商业大学 食品工程学院 黑龙江省谷物食品与谷物资源综合加工重点实验室哈尔滨 150076 
马永强 哈尔滨商业大学 食品工程学院 黑龙江省谷物食品与谷物资源综合加工重点实验室哈尔滨 150076 
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中文摘要:
      目的 以甜玉米芯多糖为原料,以硒含量为指标,优化硒化甜玉米芯多糖(SeSCP-80-I)的制备工艺,探究甜玉米芯硒多糖对α-淀粉酶、α-葡萄糖苷酶这2种影响淀粉消化关键酶的抑制活性。方法 在单因素试验的基础上,通过响应面实验优化工艺条件,并利用氢化物发生-原子荧光光谱法测定硒含量,利用红外光谱法对其结构进行测定。结果 当反应温度为86 ℃、原料配比(SCP-80-I与Na2SeO3的质量比)为1∶0.91、硝酸浓度为0.54%(体积分数)、反应时间为6.4 h时,硒含量值可达到3.717 mg/g。制备出的甜玉米芯硒多糖存在Se—O—C特征吸收峰和SeO32特征吸收峰,说明结合形成了稳定的硒化衍生物。硒化修饰后的甜玉米芯多糖对α-淀粉酶、α-葡萄糖苷酶抑制的IC50值分别为5.495 mg/mL和2.687 mg/mL,均优于未经硒化修饰的甜玉米芯多糖对α-淀粉酶、α-葡萄糖苷酶的抑制作用。结论 甜玉米芯硒多糖具有良好的降血糖活性。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to optimize the preparation process of SeSCP-80-I with sweet corncob polysaccharide as raw material and selenium content as indicator, and explore the effect of sweet corncob selenium polysaccharide on inhibiting the activity of α-amylase and α-glucosidase which affect the key enzymes of starch digestion of glucosidase. On the basis of single factor experiment, the process conditions were optimized by response surface method. The content of selenium was determined by hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry, and its structure was determined by infrared spectroscopy. The results showed that the selenium content could reach 3.717 mg/h when the reaction temperature was 86 ℃, the raw material ratio (mass ratio of SCP-80-I and Na2SeO3) was 1∶0.91, the nitric acid concentration was 0.54% (volume fraction), and the reaction time was 6.4 h. The Se—O—C characteristic absorption peak and SeO32− characteristic absorption peak of the prepared sweet corncob se polysaccharide indicated that the combination formed stable selenium derivatives. In addition, the IC50 values of selenium modified sweet corncob polysaccharide on α-amylase and α-glucosidase were 5.495 mg/mL and 2.687 mg/mL respectively, which were better than those of non selenium modified sweet corncob polysaccharide on α-amylase and α-glucosidase. The selenium polysaccharide of corncob has good hypoglycemic activity.
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