文章摘要
孙德强,李彬,石威,刘鸿梅,安兴,郝静,刘瑶瑶.框架式灯具缓冲包装结构设计[J].包装工程,2021,42(21):160-168.
SUN De-qiang,LI Bin,SHI Wei,LIU Hong-mei,AN Xing,HAO Jing,LIU Yao-yao.Design of Cushioning Packaging Structure for Frame Lamps[J].Packaging Engineering,2021,42(21):160-168.
框架式灯具缓冲包装结构设计
Design of Cushioning Packaging Structure for Frame Lamps
投稿时间:2020-12-23  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2021.21.022
中文关键词: 框架式灯具  缓冲包装  绿色包装  结构设计  安全运输
英文关键词: frame lamp  cushioning packaging  green packaging  structure design  safe transportation
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51575327);陕西省教育厅重点实验室及基地项目(16JS014);陕西省教育厅2014陕西本科高校专业综合改革试点子项目(陕教高[2014]16号)
作者单位
孙德强 陕西科技大学 设计与艺术学院 中国轻工业功能印刷与运输包装重点实验室 3S包装新科技研究所西安 710021 
李彬 陕西科技大学 设计与艺术学院 中国轻工业功能印刷与运输包装重点实验室 3S包装新科技研究所西安 710021 
石威 陕西科技大学 设计与艺术学院 中国轻工业功能印刷与运输包装重点实验室 3S包装新科技研究所西安 710021 
刘鸿梅 陕西科技大学 设计与艺术学院 中国轻工业功能印刷与运输包装重点实验室 3S包装新科技研究所西安 710021 
安兴 陕西科技大学 设计与艺术学院 中国轻工业功能印刷与运输包装重点实验室 3S包装新科技研究所西安 710021 
郝静 陕西科技大学 设计与艺术学院 中国轻工业功能印刷与运输包装重点实验室 3S包装新科技研究所西安 710021 
刘瑶瑶 陕西科技大学 设计与艺术学院 中国轻工业功能印刷与运输包装重点实验室 3S包装新科技研究所西安 710021 
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中文摘要:
      目的 在绿色包装设计的新要求下,改进传统塑料包装方案,以框架式灯具的安全运输为例,设计一种面向框架类产品的全瓦楞纸板的绿色缓冲包装。方法 以缓冲包装六步法为依据,利用平面材料立体化造型设计方法,设计全瓦楞纸板缓冲包装结构,并利用E和B型瓦楞纸板分别制作出2套结构尺寸相等的缓冲包装。根据ISTA-1A标准对2组包装件进行跌落试验,通过安装在灯具上的传感器测试的数据及包装件的变形,研究瓦楞板厚度对包装件缓冲性能的影响,综合评价包装件的缓冲性能。结果 对2套不同厚度的瓦楞纸板缓冲包装结构,分别进行一角、三棱、六面的跌落测试,得出了相应加速度- 时间曲线和包装件变形图。结果表明,跌落过程中灯具系统的最大加速度为684.17 m/s2,小于灯泡脆值(784 m/s2),并且灯架未变形,灯泡及配件均未损坏,B型瓦楞板制作缓冲包装结构在试验后相对于E型瓦楞板制作的变形更小。结论 2套全瓦楞缓冲包装具有良好的缓冲性能,厚度大的纸板具有更好的缓冲效果,能有效缓冲框架灯具在物流运输过程中所受到的冲击,适用于装卡在其他框架类产品的两端,具有较好的使用价值和应用前景。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to improve the traditional plastic packaging scheme under the new requirements of green packaging design and take the safe transportation of frame lamps as an example to design an environment-friendly cushioning packaging with all corrugated paperboard materials for frame products. Based on the six-step method of cushioning packaging, the cushioning packaging structure of all corrugated cardboard was designed by the three-dimensional modeling design method of planar materials. Two sets of cushioning packaging with the same structure and dimension were made by E and B typed corrugated cardboards. Both packagings were subject to drop tests according to the ISTA-1A standard. Through the data tested by the sensor installed on the lamp and the deformation of the external packaging, the influence of corrugated cardboard thickness on the cushioning performance of the packaging was studied, and the cushioning performance of the packaging was comprehensively evaluated. Two sets of corrugated cardboard cushioning packaging structures with different thicknesses were subject to drop tests on one corner, three edges and six sides, and the corresponding acceleration-time curves and packaging deformation diagrams were obtained. The maximum acceleration of the lamp system during the drop was 684.17 m/s2, which was less than the bulb fragility value of 784 m/s2. The lamp holder was not deformed and the bulb and its accessories were not damaged. The cushioning packaging structure made of B typed corrugated cardboard had less deformation than that made of E typed corrugated cardboard after the tests. The two sets of all corrugated cushioning packaging structure have good cushioning performance and cardboard with larger thickness have better cushioning effects, which can effectively cushion the impact of frame lamps during distribution and transportation and is suitable for being installed on both ends of other products with frame structures, with good use value and promising application prospects.
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