文章摘要
徐丽,周信冠彤,刘心宇,孙天懿.低碳经济下绿色快递包装纸箱的模数化研究[J].包装工程,2021,42(23):146-154.
XU Li,ZHOU Xin-guan-tong,LIU Xin-yu,SUN Tian-yi.Modularization of Packaging Carton for Green Express under Low Carbon Economy[J].Packaging Engineering,2021,42(23):146-154.
低碳经济下绿色快递包装纸箱的模数化研究
Modularization of Packaging Carton for Green Express under Low Carbon Economy
投稿时间:2021-08-08  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2021.23.021
中文关键词: 低碳经济  快递包装纸箱  模数化  层次分析法  模糊综合评价方法
英文关键词: low carbon economy  express packaging carton  modularization  analytic hierarchy process  fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究一般项目(19YJC760132);大学生实践创新训练计划(2021NFUSPITP0116)
作者单位
徐丽 南京林业大学南京 210037 
周信冠彤 南京林业大学南京 210037 
刘心宇 南京林业大学南京 210037 
孙天懿 南京林业大学南京 210037 
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中文摘要:
      目的 为解决快递包装箱体尺寸多样、过度缠绕胶带、高破损率和回收困难等普遍问题。方法 通过层次分析法构建绿色快递包装纸箱模数化研究模型,并通过模糊综合评价得出消费者对于快递包装纸箱的评分。结果 社会效益的权重为0.578,表示消费者重视环保意识、隐私和人工问题。同时,大气排放的权重最高0.724,人工问题的权重最低0.074,表明消费者希望提高快递物流工具的空间利用率,减少其对环境的污染,然而对快递人员打包、卸货、取件时的人力消耗关注较少。结论 设计了2种零胶带、自锁底、易折叠,兼具保护与二次利用功能的绿色快递包装箱,同时,规范了快递包装箱体的尺寸规格,提出了8款箱体尺寸和4种箱体的堆码模型,从而在快递源头控制资源浪费,降低快递包装箱的破损率,提高快递物流的空间利用率和包装箱的回收率,为我国快递纸箱模数化实施提供理论参考。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to solve the general problems in express delivery, such as various sizes of packaging boxes, excessive winding tape, high damage rate and difficulty in recycling, etc. A modular research model of green express packaging carton was built up through the analytic hierarchy process (AHP), and the score of consumers for express packaging carton was obtained through the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method. The weight of social benefit was 0.578, indicating that consumers paid more attention to environmental awareness, privacy and labor problem. At the same time, the weight of atmospheric emissions was 0.724, which was the highest; and the weight of labor problems was 0.074, which was the lowest, indicating that consumers wanted to improve the space utilization rate of express logistics tools, and reduce its pollution to the environment, but paid little attention to the labor consumption of couriers of packaging, unloading and picking up of packages. Two kinds of green express packaging cartons with zero adhesive tape, self-locking bottom, and easy to fold, which have the function of both protection and secondary utilization are designed. At the same time, the dimension specification of green express packaging carton is standardized, and eight types of packing sizes and four types of stacking models of express boxes were proposed. They control the waste of resources at the source of express delivery, reduce the damage rate of express packaging cartons, improve the utilization rate of logistics space and the recovery rate of express packaging cartons, and provide a theoretical reference for the implementation of modularization of express packaging cartons in China.
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