文章摘要
秦一晴,江贵长,王冰,魏诗杭,刘靖仪.TiO2/淀粉/PCL共混材料的制备及表征[J].包装工程,2022,43(1):17-25.
QIN Yi-qing,JIANG Gui-chang,WANG Bing,WEI Shi-hang,LIU Jing-yi.Preparation and Characterization of TiO2/Starch/PCL Blends[J].Packaging Engineering,2022,43(1):17-25.
TiO2/淀粉/PCL共混材料的制备及表征
Preparation and Characterization of TiO2/Starch/PCL Blends
投稿时间:2021-04-23  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2022.01.003
中文关键词: 淀粉  聚己内酯  抗菌材料
英文关键词: starch  polycaprolactone  antibacterial material
基金项目:天津市企业科技特派员项目(21YDTPJC00570);天津市大学生创新创业训练计划(202010057008,202110057280)
作者单位
秦一晴 天津科技大学 轻工科学与工程学院天津 300457 
江贵长 天津科技大学 轻工科学与工程学院天津 300457 
王冰 天津科技大学 轻工科学与工程学院天津 300457 
魏诗杭 天津科技大学 轻工科学与工程学院天津 300457 
刘靖仪 天津科技大学 轻工科学与工程学院天津 300457 
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中文摘要:
      目的 以玉米双磷脂淀粉和聚己内酯(PCL)为原料,甘油为增塑剂,改性纳米TiO2为抗菌剂,制备一种具有抗菌性能的可降解材料,并对不同淀粉/PCL质量比和不同纳米TiO2添加量下制得的共混材料进行表征,以探究最佳共混比例。方法 将不同质量比的淀粉/PCL混合,添加一定量的甘油作为增塑剂,并添加不同含量的纳米TiO2作为抗菌剂,熔融共混并热压成型,利用力学、红外、紫外、SEM、DSC、水接触角等方法对所制备的共混材料进行性能表征。结果 随着PCL含量的增加,共混材料的断裂伸长率先下降后上升,拉伸强度逐渐上升,PCL质量分数为100%时共混材料的拉伸强度较未添加提高了104%,对紫外光的屏蔽作用增强,接触角从78.2°下降到53.3°;DSC显示当淀粉的比例相对较大时,整个体系的结晶度较低,但PCL的结晶速率加快。TiO2的加入未使体系发生化学变化,对共混材料的拉伸强度无明显影响,断裂伸长率先增加后减小,在TiO2质量分数为0.9%时,达到最大为51.69%。TiO2的加入对共混材料紫外线的阻隔作用有所提升,对共混材料的水接触角影响较小。抗菌实验结果显示,TiO2赋予了共混材料一定的抗菌能力,且随着TiO2含量的升高,抗菌性能越强。结论 在PCL的质量分数为100%,即淀粉/PCL质量比为1∶1时,添加质量分数为0.9%的改性纳米TiO2,得到的共混材料各项性能相对较好,这为制备可降解抗菌包装材料提供了参考。
英文摘要:
      Using corn diphospholipid starch and polycaprolactone (PCL) as raw materials, glycerin as plasticizer, and modified nano TiO2 as antibacterial agent, a degradable packaging material with antibacterial properties was prepared. The blends prepared under different starch/PCL mass ratios and different nano TiO2 contents were characterized to explore the optimal blend ratio. Starch/PCL with different mass ratios were mixed, a certain amount of glycerin was added as plasticizer, and nano TiO2 with different contents was added as antibacterial agent, then fused and hot-pressed. The properties of the blends were characterized by mechanics, infrared, ultraviolet, SEM, DSC and water contact angle. The results showed that with the increase of PCL content, the breaking elongation of the blends decreased firstly and then increased, while the tensile strength increased gradually. When the mass fraction of PCL was 100%, the tensile strength of the blends increased 104% compared with that without the addition of PCL. The shielding effect of the blends on UV light was enhanced, and the water contact angle decreased from 78.2° to 53.3°. DSC showed that when the ratio of starch was relatively large, the crystallinity of the whole system was low, but the crystallization rate of PCL was accelerated. The addition of TiO2 did not cause chemical changes in the system, and had no significant effect on the tensile strength of the blends. The breaking elongation increased first and then decreased, and the maximum value was 51.69% when the mass fraction of TiO2 was 0.9%. The addition of TiO2 improved the UV barrier effect, but had little influence on the water contact angle of the blends. The antibacterial experiment results showed that TiO2 endowed the blends with a certain antibacterial ability, and with the increase of TiO2 content, the antibacterial performance becomes stronger. When the mass fraction of PCL was 100%, that is, the mass ratio of starch to PCL was 1:1, modified nano TiO2 with the mass fraction of 0.9% was added, and the blends obtained had relatively better properties, which provided reference for the preparation of degradable antibacterial packaging materials.
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