文章摘要
李国志,段毛毛,罗之遥,孙德强.梯形槽聚乙烯缓冲衬垫结构的有限元优化设计[J].包装工程,2022,43(1):133-140.
LI Guo-zhi,DUAN Mao-mao,LUO Zhi-yao,SUN De-qiang.Finite Element Optimization Design of Trapezoidal Slot Polyethylene Cushion[J].Packaging Engineering,2022,43(1):133-140.
梯形槽聚乙烯缓冲衬垫结构的有限元优化设计
Finite Element Optimization Design of Trapezoidal Slot Polyethylene Cushion
投稿时间:2021-09-10  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2022.01.017
中文关键词: 发泡聚乙烯  缓冲包装  梯形  动态缓冲性能
英文关键词: polyethylene foam  cushioning packaging  trapezoidal  dynamic cushioning property
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51575327);陕西省教育厅重点实验室及基地项目(16JS014);陕西省教育厅2014陕西本科高校专业综合改革试点子项目(陕教高[2014]16号)
作者单位
李国志 陕西科技大学西安 710021
中国轻工业功能印刷与运输包装重点实验室西安 710021
轻化工程国家级实验教学示范中心西安 710021 
段毛毛 陕西科技大学西安 710021
中国轻工业功能印刷与运输包装重点实验室西安 710021
轻化工程国家级实验教学示范中心西安 710021 
罗之遥 陕西科技大学西安 710021
中国轻工业功能印刷与运输包装重点实验室西安 710021
轻化工程国家级实验教学示范中心西安 710021 
孙德强 陕西科技大学西安 710021
中国轻工业功能印刷与运输包装重点实验室西安 710021
轻化工程国家级实验教学示范中心西安 710021 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探究梯形槽EPE缓冲衬垫结构的动态缓冲性能,优化缓冲衬垫结构,为后续缓冲结构设计提供科学的参考方案。方法 以密度为23 kg/m3的EPE材料为试验对象,对材料样品进行静态压缩试验,数据处理得出应力-应变数据,将其导入Ansys Workbench材料库中,对产品衬垫系统进行有限元冲击模拟。将冲击理论计算结果与有限元分析结果进行对比。保持等效接触面积不变,对不同底角度数和开槽排布方式的产品衬垫系统进行有限元模拟,得出最大变形量、等效应力、速度等数据。结果 底角小于70°时,缓冲结构整体刚度过小,导致跌落时产品触底,不能很好地保护产品;当底角大于70°时,度数为85°的缓冲衬垫等效应力最小,为0.0966 MPa,并且产品的速度改变量最小。底角为90°时,1个槽缓冲衬垫变形量最大,为30.282 mm,等效应力为0.09681 MPa。结论 在结构设计时,可将底角85°、1个槽的缓冲结构作为设计的最佳参考值,以实现缓冲材料的减量化设计和最佳的保护性能的目标。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to explore the dynamic cushioning performance of trapezoidal slot EPE cushion and optimize the cushion structure, so as to provide a scientific reference scheme for subsequent design of cushion structure. With 23 kg/m3 EPE as the test material, the static compression test was carried out on the samples, and the stress-strain data were obtained by data processing and imported into the material library of Ansys Workbench, to simulate the finite element impact on the product-cushion system. The theoretical calculated results of impact were compared with the results of finite element analysis. Then, the equivalent contact area remained unchanged and the maximum deformation, equivalent stress, velocity and other data were obtained through the finite element simulation on the product-cushion system with different base angle and slotting distribution. When the base angle was less than 70°, the stiffness of cushion structures was too small, resulting in the product hitting the ground during falling, which could not protect the product well. When base angle was greater than 70°, the degree of 85° had the lowest equivalent stress of 0.0966 MPa, and the product had the smallest change in velocity. When the base angle was 90°, the deformation of one slot was the largest, and the value was 30.282 mm, and the equivalent stress was 0.096 81 MPa. Therefore, in structural design, the cushion structure with a base angle of 85° and one slot can be regarded as the best reference value to achieve the reduction design of cushioning materials and the best protection effect of materials.
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