文章摘要
唐建新,王佳莉,英丽美,张云鹤,孙炳新.果蔬采后生理代谢变化及调控机制研究进展[J].包装工程,2022,(5):91-99.
TANG Jian-xin,WANG Jia-li,YING Li-mei,ZHANG Yun-he,SUN Bing-xin.Advances in Physiological Metabolism Changes and Regulation Mechanism of Harvested Fruits and Vegetables[J].Packaging Engineering,2022,(5):91-99.
果蔬采后生理代谢变化及调控机制研究进展
Advances in Physiological Metabolism Changes and Regulation Mechanism of Harvested Fruits and Vegetables
投稿时间:2021-07-31  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2022.05.013
中文关键词: 果蔬保鲜  呼吸代谢  能量代谢  活性氧代谢  品质劣变
英文关键词: fruits and vegetables preservation  respiratory metabolism  energy metabolism  reactive oxygen species metabolism  quality deterioration
基金项目:辽宁省科技厅揭榜挂帅科技攻关专项(2021JH1/10400035);辽宁省教育厅课题(LSNQN202009)
作者单位
唐建新 沈阳农业大学 食品学院沈阳 110866 
王佳莉 沈阳农业大学 食品学院沈阳 110866 
英丽美 沈阳农业大学 食品学院沈阳 110866 
张云鹤 沈阳农业大学 食品学院沈阳 110866 
孙炳新 沈阳农业大学 食品学院沈阳 110866 
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中文摘要:
      目的 讨论采后果蔬的呼吸代谢、能量代谢,以及活性氧代谢与品质劣变之间的关联性,旨在为采后果蔬保鲜技术的应用提供理论支持和研究思路。方法 综述采后果蔬贮藏期间3种生理代谢的变化及相互调控机制,以及与品质劣变的关联性。结果 采后果蔬的品质劣变与呼吸代谢、能量代谢和活性氧代谢密切相关。采后处理或保鲜技术可通过对果蔬代谢机制进行调控来减少褐变、营养物质流失、软化、病原菌侵染、冷害等不良现象的发生。结论 呼吸代谢、能量代谢和活性氧代谢共同构成了一个复杂的生理代谢网络,相互作用共同调控果蔬的生理代谢,进而影响采后果蔬的生理品质。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to discuss the relationship respectively between the respiratory metabolism, energy metabolism and reactive oxygen species metabolism and quality deterioration of harvested fruits and vegetables, in order to provide theoretical support and guidance for the application of harvested fruits and vegetables preservation technology. The changes and mutual regulation mechanisms of three physiological metabolisms during postharvest storage were summarized, and the relationship with quality deterioration was reviewed. The quality deterioration of harvested fruits and vegetables was closely related to respiratory metabolism, energy metabolism and reactive oxygen species metabolism. Postharvest treatments or preservation technologies reduced browning, nutrient loss, softening, pathogen infection, and cold injure by regulating the metabolism of fruits and vegetables. Respiratory metabolism, energy metabolism and reactive oxygen species metabolism form a complex physiological metabolic network and interact with each other to regulate the physiological metabolism of fruits and vegetables and further affect the physiological quality.
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