文章摘要
宋方圆,谢小燕,郭慧静,李自芹,赵志永.不同蓄冷包装对蟠桃贮藏后货架期品质的影响[J].包装工程,2022,43(9):58-64.
SONG Fang-yuan,XIE Xiao-yan,GUO Hui-jing,LI Zi-qin,ZHAO Zhi-yong.Effect of Different Cold Storage Packages on the Shelf Life Quality of Flat Peach after Storage[J].Packaging Engineering,2022,43(9):58-64.
不同蓄冷包装对蟠桃贮藏后货架期品质的影响
Effect of Different Cold Storage Packages on the Shelf Life Quality of Flat Peach after Storage
投稿时间:2021-07-23  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2022.09.008
中文关键词: 蟠桃  包装  贮藏  货架期  品质
英文关键词: flat peach  package  storage  shelf life  quality
基金项目:新疆农垦科学院科技引导计划(2020YJ015);国家重点研发计划(SQ2020YFF0413375)
作者单位
宋方圆 新疆农垦科学院农产品加工研究所新疆 石河子 832000 
谢小燕 石河子大学 食品学院新疆 石河子 832003 
郭慧静 新疆农垦科学院农产品加工研究所新疆 石河子 832000 
李自芹 新疆农垦科学院农产品加工研究所新疆 石河子 832000 
赵志永 新疆农垦科学院农产品加工研究所新疆 石河子 832000 
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中文摘要:
      目的 为筛选出适宜于蟠桃冷链物流的包装组合。方法 以英格尔蟠桃为实验材料,以常温处理和不加蓄冷剂处理为对照,采用不同包装(泡沫箱、周转箱)结合不同蓄冷剂(冰膜、冰袋)处理蟠桃,在0 ℃下预冷18 h,并实时监测包装箱内的温度,测定不同包装组贮藏24、48 h后货架期水果的过氧化物酶(POD)、多酚氧化酶(PPO)、过氧化氢酶(CAT)、相对电导率、好果率等指标,通过比较箱体内温度和生理指标,确定最佳的蟠桃冷链物流包装。结果 研究结果表明,周转箱+冰袋组合对水果的蓄冷效果较好,在贮藏48 h后可维持货架期水果较高的POD活性、CAT活性,可有效抑制PPO活性、相对电导率的上升,对维持单果质量影响不大。结论 采用周转箱的蓄冷效果优于泡沫箱,冰袋蓄冷效果优于冰膜,周转箱+冰袋组合适宜于在蟠桃物流中使用,可根据路途距离改变冰袋的数量,实现水果的优质运输。
英文摘要:
      This paper aims to screen out the suitable packaging package for flat peach for chain logistics. Yingger flat peaches as the test material, using normal temperature treatment and no cold storageagent treatment as the control, using different packaging (foam box, turnaround box) combined with different cold storage agents (ice film, ice bag) processing flat peaches at 0 ℃ precooling for 18 hours, and real-time monitoring of the temperature in the packaging box.The indexes of peroxidase (POD), polyphenol oxidase (PPO), catalase (CAT), relative conductivity and fruit yield in the shelf life of different packing groups after 24 h and 48 h storage were measured, and the optimal cold chain logistics packaging of peaches was determined by comparing the temperature and physiological indexes in the box. The results showed that the combination of turnover box and ice bag had a good effect on the cold storage of fruit, and it could maintain the high activities of POD and CAT in shelf life after 48 h storage, effectively inhibiting the activity of PPO and the increase of relative electrical conductivity, and had little effect on the maintenance of single fruit weight. The cold storage effect of the turnover box is better than the foam box, and the cold storage effect of the ice bag is better than the ice film. The combination of turnover box and ice bag is suitable for use in flat peach logistics. The quantity of ice bags can be changed according to the distance of the trip to achieve high-quality fruit transportation.
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