文章摘要
马占臣,赵竞伊,廖学智,苏小翔,贾晓昱,张鹏,李春媛,李江阔.不同采收期“卡罗拉”月季切花贮藏效果比较[J].包装工程,2024,45(5):56-64.
MA Zhanchen,ZHAO Jingyi,LIAO Xuezhi,SU Xiaoxiang,JIA Xiaoyu,ZHANG Peng,LI Chunyuan,LI Jiangkuo.Comparison of Storage Effect of Cut Rose "Corolla" in Different Harvesting Periods[J].Packaging Engineering,2024,45(5):56-64.
不同采收期“卡罗拉”月季切花贮藏效果比较
Comparison of Storage Effect of Cut Rose "Corolla" in Different Harvesting Periods
投稿时间:2023-07-13  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2024.05.007
中文关键词: 月季切花  卡罗拉  采收期  贮藏
英文关键词: cut rose flowers  Carola  harvesting period  storage
基金项目:天津市技术开发项目(2022120005000172)
作者单位
马占臣 云南建投物流有限公司昆明 650501 
赵竞伊 沈阳农业大学 食品学院沈阳 1108661 
廖学智 云南建投物流有限公司昆明 650501 
苏小翔 云南建投物流有限公司昆明 650501 
贾晓昱 天津市农业科学院农产品保鲜与加工技术研究所 a.国家农产品保鲜工程技术研究中心天津 b.农业农村部农产品贮藏保鲜重点实验室 c.天津市农产品采后生理与贮藏保鲜重点实验室天津 300384 
张鹏 天津市农业科学院农产品保鲜与加工技术研究所 a.国家农产品保鲜工程技术研究中心天津 b.农业农村部农产品贮藏保鲜重点实验室 c.天津市农产品采后生理与贮藏保鲜重点实验室天津 300384 
李春媛 天津市农业科学院农产品保鲜与加工技术研究所 a.国家农产品保鲜工程技术研究中心天津 b.农业农村部农产品贮藏保鲜重点实验室 c.天津市农产品采后生理与贮藏保鲜重点实验室天津 300384 
李江阔 天津市农业科学院农产品保鲜与加工技术研究所 a.国家农产品保鲜工程技术研究中心天津 b.农业农村部农产品贮藏保鲜重点实验室 c.天津市农产品采后生理与贮藏保鲜重点实验室天津 300384 
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中文摘要:
      目的 为了延长月季切花“卡罗拉”的贮藏期,选取合适的采收期进行贮藏至关重要。方法 分别以提前4 d采收(1级)、提前2~3 d采收(2级)、提前1 d采收(3级)、当天采收(4级)的月季切花“卡罗拉”为试材,于4 ℃下贮藏20 d,定期观察贮藏及瓶插期间鲜切花品质的变化。结果 与其他采收期月季切花相比,2级月季切花乙烯生成速率偏低,贮藏15 d前,2级月季切花在一定程度上呼吸强度较低,丙二醛含量整体呈现较低趋势。在贮藏20 d瓶插8 d时,2级月季切花花朵直径偏大,可维持花朵较高的开放程度,花朵萎蔫指数、腐烂指数、质量损失率仅为40.66%、82.22%、11%,均低于其他采收期的月季切花;色差中L*值较高,b*值较低,表明2级月季切花颜色较为鲜亮,有效延缓了黄化现象。结论 经过1 d物流运输及20 d左右的贮藏条件下存放时,提前2~3 d采收(2级)的月季切花可维持较好的品质及观赏价值。
英文摘要:
      To prolong the storage period of cut flowers "Carola", it is important to select the appropriate harvesting period for storage. The cut flowers of "Carola" were harvested 4 d ahead of time (grade 1), 2-3 d ahead of time (grade 2), 1 d ahead of time (grade 3), and on the same day (grade 4), and then stored at 4 ℃ for 20 d. Changes in the quality of the cut flowers were regularly observed during storage and vase insertion. The ethylene production rate of grade 2 cut flowers was lower than that of other harvested cut flowers, and the respiratory intensity of grade 2 cut flowers was lower than that of other harvested cut flowers to a certain extent before 15 d of storage, and the malondialdehyde content of grade 2 cut flowers was lower than that of other harvested cut flowers. At 20 d of storage and 8 d of vase insertion, the flower diameter of grade 2 cut flowers was large, which could maintain a higher degree of flower opening. The wilting index, decay rate and weight loss rate of the flowers were only 40.66%, 82.22% and 11%, which were lower than those of other cut flowers at the harvesting period, and the colour difference of the flowers had a higher value of L, a lower value of b, which indicated that the colour of grade 2 cut flowers was brighter and the yellowing phenomenon was effectively delayed. In conclusion, if the flowers were stored under 1 d of transport and 20 d of storage, the quality and ornamental value of the cut flowers could be maintained if the flowers were harvested 2-3 d earlier.
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