文章摘要
孙德强,宋雅玲,王力,周聪,郝乾崇,李想,汉小楠.真空平板玻璃托盘集装包装系统设计与跌落测试验证[J].包装工程,2024,45(7):274-280.
SUN Deqiang,SONG Yaling,WANG Li,ZHOU Cong,HAO Qianchong,LI Xiang,HAN Xiaonan.Design and Drop Tests of the Pallet Unit Load Packaging System for Vacuum Flat Glass Sheets[J].Packaging Engineering,2024,45(7):274-280.
真空平板玻璃托盘集装包装系统设计与跌落测试验证
Design and Drop Tests of the Pallet Unit Load Packaging System for Vacuum Flat Glass Sheets
投稿时间:2024-01-04  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2024.07.034
中文关键词: 运输包装  五步法  真空平板玻璃  托盘集装  包装设计  仿真测试  跌落
英文关键词: transport packaging  five-step method  vacuum flat glass sheets  pallet unit load  packaging design  simulation testing  drop
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51575327);国家级一流专业建设项目(包装工程2022);陕西科技大学课程思政建设项目(包装技术基础(双语)2022)
作者单位
孙德强 陕西科技大学 轻工科学与工程学院 轻化工程国家级实验教学示范中心 3S包装新科技研究所西安 710021 
宋雅玲 陕西科技大学 轻工科学与工程学院 轻化工程国家级实验教学示范中心 3S包装新科技研究所西安 710021 
王力 隆基绿能科技股份有限公司西安 710016 
周聪 隆基绿能科技股份有限公司西安分公司西安 710016 
郝乾崇 陕西科技大学 轻工科学与工程学院 轻化工程国家级实验教学示范中心 3S包装新科技研究所西安 710021 
李想 陕西科技大学 轻工科学与工程学院 轻化工程国家级实验教学示范中心 3S包装新科技研究所西安 710021 
汉小楠 陕西科技大学 轻工科学与工程学院 轻化工程国家级实验教学示范中心 3S包装新科技研究所西安 710021 
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中文摘要:
      目的 对真空平板玻璃进行托盘集装包装系统设计,并进行跌落仿真测试,验证包装方案的可靠性。方法 提出运输包装设计五步法。第1步产品及流通环境调研,得到相关信息;第2步包装方案设计及建模,选用瓦楞纸板、胶合板、EVA泡沫和捆扎带等包装材料,利用SolidWorks软件进行三维建模,建立各跌落工况下的几何模型;第3步有限元模型建立,对各包材选用合适的材料模型,并利用试验测得相关性能参数,在所建几何模型的基础上进行接触设置、网格划分和载荷设置;第4步有限元模型可靠性验证,对模型进行实际试验和相应仿真测试,两者结果对比分析;第5步多工况下仿真测试,涉及跌落、冲击、振动等。结果 展示最具代表性的角、面和棱跌落仿真测试与相应试验结果,最大误差小于10%,验证了有限元模型的可靠性。进一步展示了跌落下各块玻璃的响应加速度,其中峰值加速度远小于真空平板玻璃脆值所允许的加速度,满足防护要求。结论 基于上述运输包装设计五步法,所提出的包装方案满足跌落防护要求,也证实了基于该五步法进行包装防护设计的可行性。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to design the pallet unit load packaging system of vacuum flat glass sheets and conduct the drop simulation test to verify the reliability of the packaging system. A five-step method of transport packaging design was proposed and employed. The first step involved researching and gathering the relevant information of product and distribution environment. For the second step, the packaging solution was designed and modeled. With packaging materials such as corrugated fiberboard, plywood, ethyl vinyl acetate (EVA) foam, and strapping tape, 3D modeling was carried out by SolidWorks to establish the geometric models under various drop conditions. The third step was to establish finite element models. A suitable material model was selected for each packaging material, and the relevant performance parameters measured by experiments were used to conduct contact setting, meshing and load setting on the established geometric models The fourth step was to verify the reliability of the finite element models by conducting physical experiments and simulation tests, and comparing the results. The fifth step involved simulation tests under various working conditions, including drop, impact and vibration. The results of corner, flat and edge drop simulations were compared with the corresponding experimental results, with the maximum error smaller than 10%, which verified the reliability of the finite element models. The acceleration-time response curves of all glass sheets were obtained where peak acceleration was lower than the allowable one determined by the fragility of flat glass sheet, meeting the protective requirements. Based on the five-step method of transport packaging design mentioned above, the proposed packaging solution meets the protective requirements, which verifies the feasibility of the five-step method.
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