文章摘要
袁舜,潘帅,刘毛毛,田志强.基于SolidWorks和Ansys的铁路卷状货物横向限位运输座架设计[J].包装工程,2024,45(7):289-294.
YUAN Shun,PAN Shuai,LIU Maomao,TIAN Zhiqing.Design of Railway Rolled Goods Lateral Stopper Steel Frame Based on SolidWorks and Ansys[J].Packaging Engineering,2024,45(7):289-294.
基于SolidWorks和Ansys的铁路卷状货物横向限位运输座架设计
Design of Railway Rolled Goods Lateral Stopper Steel Frame Based on SolidWorks and Ansys
投稿时间:2023-05-05  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2024.07.036
中文关键词: 铁路  卷状货物  横向限位装置  运输座架  装载加固方案  SolidWorks-Ansys
英文关键词: railway  rolled goods  lateral stopper  steel frame  loading reinforcement scheme  SolidWorks-Ansys
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(71761023);中国国家铁路集团有限公司科技研究开发计划(N2020X015);甘肃省教育厅“双一流”科研重点项目(GSSYLXM-04)
作者单位
袁舜 兰州交通大学 交通运输学院兰州 730070 
潘帅 九江职业技术学院江西 九江 332007 
刘毛毛 九江职业技术学院江西 九江 332007 
田志强 兰州交通大学 交通运输学院兰州 730070 
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中文摘要:
      目的 针对卷状货物在铁路运输途中常发生横向窜动,造成货物损伤、危及行车安全等问题,基于当前主流运输座架和技术经验,设计一款安全可靠、适用多种车型、可叠放回送、可循环使用、适合多种规格卷状货物、带有横向限位装置的运输座架。方法 根据《铁路货物装载加固规则》,制定最不利工况下的卷状货物装载加固方案;依据《钢结构设计标准》及敞车、平车的结构,确定运输座架的结构和材料;通过SolidWorks-Ansys对运输座架进行建模和有限元分析,得到卷钢座架变形及应力的变化情况。结果 通过分析可知,运输座架会受到垂向力、纵向力,其最薄弱部分的应力分别为355.14、341.99 MPa,位移变形量分别为0.55、1.069 mm,符合规定;在最不利工况下,横向限位挡件的最大应力为28.89 MPa,最大变形量为0.04 mm,符合规定。结论 设计的铁路横向限位运输座架安全可靠,可有效防止货物发生横向窜动;叠装回送,可实现重去重回。该设计填补了现有运输座架对卷状货物无法进行横向刚性加固的空白,对当下卷状货物运输发展具有较大的促进作用。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to design a safe, reliable, widely applicable and recyclable, stacked return, suitable for different specifications of rolled goods and steel frame with lateral stopper seat frame in combination with the current mainstream steel frame and existing technical experience, to solve problems such as the lateral movement of rolled goods that often occurs during railway transportation, causing damage to the goods and endangering the safety of driving. According to the "Railway Cargo Loading and Strengthening Rules", a rolled cargo loading and strengthening scheme under the most unfavorable working conditions was formulated. According to the "Steel Structure Design Standard" and the open car and flat car structure, the structure and material of the steel frame was determined. Through SolidWorks-Ansys modeling and finite element analysis on the steel frame, the deformation and stress changes of the steel frame were obtained. The analysis showed that the steel frame was subject to vertical force and longitudinal force, the stress of the weakest part was 355.14 MPa and 341.99 MPa respectively, and the displacement and deformation were 0.55 mm and 1.069 mm respectively, which met the requirements. Under working conditions, the maximum stress of lateral stopper was 28.89 MPa, and the maximum deformation was 0.04 mm, which met the regulations. The railway horizontal limit steel seat frame is safe and reliable, which can effectively prevent the goods from moving laterally; Stacking and returning can realize repeated removal and return. It fills the gap that the existing steel seat frame cannot carry out lateral rigid reinforcement for rolled goods, which will greatly promote the development of the current roll cargo transportation.
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