文章摘要
杨海波,杜宇菲.智能手机交互界面设计的认知基础[J].包装工程,2020,41(10):1-6
智能手机交互界面设计的认知基础
The Cognitive Basis for the Design of Smartphone Interaction Interface
投稿时间:2020-03-18  修订日期:2020-05-20
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2020.10.001
中文关键词: 智能手机  交互界面  人机交互  认知过程
英文关键词: smartphone  interaction interface  human-computer interaction  cognitive process
基金项目:天津市哲学社会科学规划重点项目(TJJX15-002)
作者单位
杨海波 天津师范大学天津 300387 
杜宇菲 天津师范大学天津 300387 
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中文摘要:
      目的 在智能手机逐渐成为人们生活必需品的当下,根据用户的认知特点提出关于智能手机交互界面设计的建议,使智能手机更符合用户的认知习惯,提高交互效率。方法 从感觉、知觉、注意及记忆四方面出发分析个体与智能手机进行交互时所涉及的认知过程。根据颜色视觉、视觉适应等感觉特点提高用户对界面信息的感觉,根据用户的知觉的加工及知觉的特性改善用户对界面信息的知觉,根据选择性注意、注意的分配特点及注意的特性促进用户对有效信息的注意,利用记忆的存储及提取的特点增加个体对界面信息的记忆及记忆的使用。结论 结合用户的认知特点提出字体、图标、背景等界面因素的设计要点优化用户与智能手机交互界面的交互过程。
英文摘要:
      As the smartphone is becoming a necessity of people’s life, the work aims to put forward suggestions on the design of the smartphone interaction interface to make the smartphone more consistent with the users’ cognitive habits and improve the interaction efficiency. The cognitive processes involved in the interaction between individuals and smartphones were analyzed from four aspects: sensation, perception, attention and memory. Users’ sensation of interface information was improved based on color vision, visual adaptation and other sensory characteristics. Users’ perception of interface information was improved according to their perception processing and characteristics. Users’ attention to effec-tive information was promoted based on selective attention, attention distribution features and attention characteristics. The features of memory storage and extraction were used to increase the individual’s memory and use of interface information. Combined with the cognitive characteristics of users, the design points of interface factors such as fonts, icons and background are proposed to optimize the interaction process between the user and the smartphone interaction interface.
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