文章摘要
于炜,王伟.基于社会交换理论的手机防沉迷APP设计研究[J].包装工程,2020,41(10):122-128
基于社会交换理论的手机防沉迷APP设计研究
Mobile Phone Anti-addiction APP Design Based on Social Exchange Theory
投稿时间:2020-02-25  修订日期:2020-05-20
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2020.10.019
中文关键词: 手机防沉迷  社会交换理论  APP设计  绿色伦理  健康设计
英文关键词: mobile phone anti-addiction  social exchange theory  APP design  green ethics  healthy design
基金项目:
作者单位
于炜 华东理工大学上海 200237 
王伟 华东理工大学上海 200237 
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中文摘要:
      目的 运用社会交换理论研究手机防沉迷问题,并设计一款手机防沉迷APP,从而达到对沉迷于手机的群体进行良性干预的目的。方法 构建多层次的手机防沉迷策略,并运用社会交换理论来指导设计实践。首先,对国内外文献、现有手机防沉迷系统和相关APP进行分析研究,从手机使用者和从业者的角度,提出手机防沉迷四策略,即转移、警示、障碍、适度。然后,在此基础上运用乔治•霍曼斯的社会交换理论,剖析手机沉迷行为的内在逻辑,并构建出手机防沉迷的系统架构。最后,归纳、梳理产品的功能需求并形成设计方案。结论 手机防沉迷是一个涉及社会、机构、个人,以及用户体验、设计伦理、网络绿色生态链等诸多因素的综合性系统工程,需要通过多层级整合性策略研究,确保其效用和持久度。充分运用社会交换理论在用户行为分析方面的优势,剖析用户对手机沉迷的原因,并借此构建一套行之有效的防沉迷健康设计系统。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to study the mobile phone anti-addiction problem based on the social exchange theory, and design a mobile phone anti-addiction APP, for the purpose of benign intervention in the groups addicted to mobile phones. Multi-level mobile phone anti-addiction strategies were constructed and the social exchange theory was used to guide design practice. First, the domestic and foreign literature, existing mobile phone anti-addiction systems and related APPs were researched and analyzed to propose four mobile phone anti-addiction strategies from the perspective of mobile phone users and practitioners, i.e. “transfer”, “warning”, “obstacles” and “moderation”. Then, on this basis, George Homans’ social exchange theory was applied to analyze the internal logic of mobile phone addiction and build system architecture for the mobile phone addiction prevention. Finally, the functional requirements of the product were sorted out and summarized to form a design plan. Mobile phone addiction prevention is a comprehensive issue involving the society, institution, individual, user experience, design ethics and green ecological chain of the network, for which multi-level integrative strategic research is required to ensure its effectiveness and durability. The advantages of social exchange theory are maximized in the analysis of user behavior and the reasons for mobile phone addiction of the users are analyzed, based on which an effective anti-addiction healthy design system is built.
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