文章摘要
许永生,赵秦琨,支锦亦,何静.基于生物形态简化优化法的产品仿生设计研究[J].包装工程,2021,42(18):188-193.
基于生物形态简化优化法的产品仿生设计研究
Product Bionic Design Based on Simplified Optimization Method of Biological Form
投稿时间:2021-04-09  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2021.18.021
中文关键词: 产品设计  仿生设计  形态简化优化法  仿生设计思维流程
英文关键词: product design  bionic design  shape simplification optimization method  bionic design thinking process
基金项目:
作者单位
许永生 西南交通大学成都 611756 
赵秦琨 西南交通大学成都 611756 
支锦亦 西南交通大学成都 611756 
何静 西南交通大学成都 611756 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究生物形态简化优化法在产品形态仿生设计中的应用,为产品仿生设计提供理论指导与更多思路。方法 通过对设计案例与相关文献进行研究,在对形态仿生设计的类型和设计思维的梳理与总结基础上,构建了“从上至下”和“从下至上”这两种产品形态仿生设计的程序模型,并且将这两种程序模型进行了差异的对比,总结归纳出这两种程序模型的特征与适用情况。将产品形态仿生设计中的“简化优化法”分为“局部抽取法”和“整体抽取法”,重点分析了产品形态设计中的简化优化方法。结果 通过莲蓬灯的仿生设计实践,运用简化优化法设计,强化了生物形态的典型特征,削弱了次要结构的形态特征,得到了形态特征鲜明的优化生物形态,以此验证了形态优化方法的可行性与有效性。结论 将生物形态简化优化法应用于产品形态仿生设计中,可以为设计提供有效的理论指导,为设计师提供更多设计思路。
英文摘要:
      To study the application of biomorphic simplification and optimization method in product biomimetic design, and to provide theoretical guidance and more ideas for product biomimetic design. Based on the study of design cases and relevant literature, on the basis of combing and summarizing the types and design thinking of morphological bionic design, the program models of “top-down” and “bottom-up” bionics design were constructed, and the differences between the two program models were compared, the characteristics and application of the two program models were constructed. The “simplified optimization method” in product morphological bionic design was divided into “local extraction method” and “overall extraction method”, and the differences were compared between these two program models, and the characteristics and application of these two program models were summarized. The simplified optimization method in product form design was analyzed especially.Through the bionic design practice of lotus canopy lamp, the simplified optimization method was used to strengthen the typical characteristics of biological morphology, weaken the morphological characteristics of secondary structure, and obtained the optimized biological morphology with distinct morphological characteristics, which verified the feasibility and effectiveness of the morphological optimization method.The application of biomorphic simplification and optimization method in product biomimetic design can provide effective theoretical guidance for product biomimetic design and more design ideas for designers.
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