文章摘要
张安华,王淑贤,张迪雅,吉婧雅.南京民国建筑基因提取及智能辅助创新设计研究[J].包装工程,2024,(10):302-314.
南京民国建筑基因提取及智能辅助创新设计研究
Gene Extraction and Intelligent-assisted Innovative Design of Nanjing Architecture in the Republic of China Period
投稿时间:2023-12-19  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2024.10.032
中文关键词: 南京民国建筑  建筑基因  AHP  人工智能  文创设计
英文关键词: Nanjing architecture in the Republic of China period  architectural genes  AHP  artificial intelligence  cultural and creative design
基金项目:国家社科艺术学重大项目(21ZD23);江苏省社科青年基金项目(21YSC013)
作者单位
张安华 南京艺术学院南京 210013
南京工业大学南京 211816 
王淑贤 南京工业大学南京 211816 
张迪雅 南京工业大学南京 211816 
吉婧雅 南京工业大学南京 211816 
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中文摘要:
      目的 基于对南京民国建筑文化进行保护的视角,探寻南京民国建筑基因的现代设计传承路径,挖掘人工智能辅助南京民国建筑主题文创产品设计的新思路。方法 首先,选择25处代表性南京民国建筑作为研究对象,根据建筑基因理论解析南京民国建筑基因的类型,对立面样式、屋顶造型、装饰纹样、色彩搭配、建筑材料、空间环境、情感因素7类基因进行图谱绘制;其次运用层次分析法对基因图谱进行权重计算并选取设计因子;再次,使用形状文法重构设计因子,将演变后的设计因子输入人工智能软件并生成50张纹样图形样本;最后,基于SOR理论模型进行实验评价,选出智能生成纹样中最符合南京民国建筑风格的样本并应用于文创设计之中。结果 构建南京民国建筑基因图谱及判断矩阵评价模型,选取典型因子并采用人工智能软件生成纹样,形成了文创智能化设计新模式。结论 对南京民国建筑基因提取及智能辅助设计进行研究,展示了南京民国建筑基因所具备的遗传、选择、复制、变异等特性,实现了建筑遗产的创造性转化、创新性发展,同时显示了智能辅助文创设计的可能性,提升了文创产品的文化内涵。
英文摘要:
      Based on the perspective of the protection of Nanjing architectural culture in the Republic of China period, the work aims to explore the modern design inheritance path of Nanjing architectural genes in the Republic of China period and excavate new ideas for the design of cultural and creative products themed on Nanjing architecture in the Republic of China period under the assistance of artificial intelligence. Firstly, 25 representative buildings of Nanjing architecture in the Republic of China period were selected as the research objects, and the types of architectural genes of Nanjing architecture in the Republic of China period were analyzed according to the theory of architectural genes, and seven types of genes were mapped, including facade style, roof modeling, decorative pattern, color matching, building materials, spatial environment and emotional factors. Secondly, the analytic hierarchy method was used to calculate the weight of the gene map and select the design factors. Thirdly, the shape grammar was used to reconstruct the design factor, and the evolved design factor was input into the artificial intelligence software to generate 50 pattern samples. Finally, based on the SOR theoretical model, the experimental evaluation was carried out, and the samples that most conformed to the architectural style of Nanjing in the Republic of China period were selected for cultural and creative design. The gene map and judgment matrix evaluation model of Nanjing architecture in the Republic of China period were constructed and typical factors were selected and artificial intelligence software was used to generate patterns, forming a new model of intelligent design of cultural and creative products. The research on the extraction of architectural genes and intelligence-assisted design of Nanjing architecture in the Republic of China period shows that the genes of Nanjing architecture in the Republic of China period have the characteristics of inheritance, selection, replication and mutation, realizing the creative transformation and innovative development of architectural heritage, and showing the possibility of intelligence-assisted cultural and creative design, which enhances the cultural connotation of cultural and creative products.
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