文章摘要
苗岭.虚拟现实眼动系统在环境交互设计中的研究[J].包装工程,2018,39(22):274-281
虚拟现实眼动系统在环境交互设计中的研究
Eye-tracking Virtual Reality System in Environmental Interaction Design
投稿时间:2018-08-23  修订日期:2018-11-20
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2018.22.046
中文关键词: 虚拟现实  环境交互设计  眼动追踪  虚拟现实眼动系统  实验研究
英文关键词: virtual reality  environmental interaction design  eye tracking  eye-tracking virtual reality system  experimental research
基金项目:上海市政府扶持资金上海视觉艺术学院高地科研项目“虚拟现实技术在环境交互设计中的应用研究”
作者单位
苗岭 上海视觉艺术学院上海 201620 
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中文摘要:
      目的 通过虚拟现实强大的渲染和逼真的交互功能并利用虚拟现实眼动系统对环境交互设计进行研究。方法 在虚拟现实环境交互实验中应用眼动追踪技术提供的轨迹图和热点图进行数据分析,创新性地获得环境交互中的高精度感知信息。通过“环境—感知—交互”模式,长时段和全覆盖的大数据导入以及对精确空间信息和即时性感受的实时记录,实现以多元用户为中心的对环境维度和感知维度的设计研究。结论 新技术不仅为研究提供了更直观的表达和更客观的分析,而且推动了现有研究范式的革新。虚拟现实眼动研究使设计能够整体考虑到实际建成环境中的多个变量及其交互效应,实现从设计建成后的观察转变为设计过程中的预判和修正,从而强化对于设计实践进行指导的针对性和前置性。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to study the environmental interaction design through powerful rendering and realistic interactive function of virtual reality and the eye-tracking virtual reality system. Trajectory chart and heat map provided by eye-tracking technology were applied in the interactive experiment of virtual reality environment to analyze the data and innovatively obtain the high-precision sensing information in the environmental interaction. Through the "environment-sensing-interaction" mode, long-term and full-coverage big data import and real-time recording of accurate spatial information and instant feelings, the design of environmental dimension and sensing dimension centered on multiple users was achieved. New technologies not only provide more intuitive expression and more objective analysis for researches, but also promote innovation in existing research paradigms. Eye-tracking virtual reality research enables the design to overall take into account the multiple variables and their interaction effects in the actually built environment, further to realize the transformation from observation after design to pre-judgment and correction in the design process, and consequently to strengthen the targeted and pre-positioned guidance of the design practice.
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