文章摘要
虞杰,吕健,潘伟杰.基于分层形状文法的蜡染花朵纹创新设计研究[J].包装工程,2020,41(10):255-261
基于分层形状文法的蜡染花朵纹创新设计研究
Innovative Design of Batik Flower Patterns Based on Layered Shape Grammars
投稿时间:2020-01-19  修订日期:2020-05-20
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2020.10.040
中文关键词: 分层形状文法  纹样设计  蜡染  人机交互选择
英文关键词: layered shape grammars  pattern design  batik  interactively selected
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51505094);贵州省科技项目([2016]7467,[2016]2327,[2017]1046,[2017]2016,[2016]12,[2018]1049)
作者单位
虞杰 贵州大学贵阳 550025 
吕健 贵州大学贵阳 550025 
潘伟杰 贵州大学贵阳 550025 
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中文摘要:
      目的 为促进蜡染这一民族传统艺术与现代审美的有机结合,提升蜡染纹样的文化影响力和传播力,提出一种基于分层形状文法的计算机辅助传统纹样设计方法,保留传统蜡染纹样的视觉特性同时满足现代审美,使传统蜡染焕发出新的生机。方法 首先分析贵州传统蜡染纹样中的花朵纹造型特征,提取造型元素并分层,然后运用分层形状文法进行纹样推理演变;依据提出的创新方法生成大量不同形状,目标形状与结果形状通过规则连接得到整个形状衍生树模型。最后设计师根据自身审美和经验对形状衍生树节点进行人机交互选择,修剪衍生树,排除不符合条件的节点,完成设计方案的决策。结论 改进形状文法使其适用于蜡染造型设计,建立纹样衍生树模型,并利用传统蜡染花朵纹的创新设计,验证该方法的可行性和有效性。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to propose a computer-aided traditional pattern design method based on the layered shape grammar to promote the organic combination of traditional national art and modern aesthetics of the batik and enhance the cultural influence and communication capacity of batik patterns, thus preserving the visual characteristics of traditional batik patterns while satisfying modern aesthetics, so that a new life can be brought to the traditional batik. First, the patterns were extracted and layered by analyzing the flower pattern features of traditional batik patterns in Guizhou. Then, the layered shape grammar was used for reasoning and evolution of the patterns. A large number of different shapes were generated based on the proposed innovation method. The target shapes and resulting shapes were connected to the entire model of shape derivation tree. Finally, the nodes of shape derivation tree were interactively selected by the designers based on their aesthetics and experience, the derivation tree was trimmed and the unqualified nodes were excluded to complete the resolution of design scheme. The shape grammar is improved and applied to the batik design, the pattern derivation tree model is established, and the innovative design of the traditional batik flower patterns is used to verify the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed method.
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