文章摘要
付小利,叶茂乐.宋代造园文化背景下的古代女性坐具演进研究[J].包装工程,2020,41(20):157-162.
宋代造园文化背景下的古代女性坐具演进研究
Evolution of Ancient Female Seat under the Background of Garden Culture in the Song Dynasty
投稿时间:2020-06-23  修订日期:2020-10-20
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2020.20.025
中文关键词: 宋代  造园文化  女性坐具  女性
英文关键词: Song Dynasty  garden culture  female seat  female
基金项目:
作者单位
付小利 1.厦门工学院厦门 361021 
叶茂乐 2.厦门大学嘉庚学院漳州 363105 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究宋代造园文化的特征及其与古代女性坐具演进的内在关联。方法 以宋代园林的空间布局、使用功能、园林建筑、造园美学、历史变迁为切入点,结合两宋时期的文献典籍、绘画、壁画艺术等相关背景资料,剖析在宋代盛行的造园文化背景下,两宋时期女性坐具的形制特征和演进历程。结论 宋代女性坐具大致经历了由男性到女性(使用主体)、小型到大型、低型到高型的演进历程。宋代女性的生活空间被限制在“庭院深深”的闺阁、庭院之中,因此宋代女性多使用墩、凳等适合家庭生活的小型可移动式坐具;宋代女性在园林中的游观需求和自身生理缺陷(缠足)的矛盾,产生了与园林建筑关系密切的特殊观景坐具——阑槛钩窗(美人靠);宋代公共园林的兴起促进了女性户外出行坐具的发展;宋代造园的女性化审美特征构建了园林、女性坐具、女性三者相互嵌合的内在关系。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to study the characteristics of garden culture in the Song Dynasty and investigate the intrinsic relationship with ancient female seat. Taking the spatial layout, function, architecture, aesthetics and development of the garden in the Song Dynasty as the starting point, the shape features and evolution course of female seat under the background of the garden culture prevailing in the Song Dynasty were analyzed combined with the relevant background information of literature, painting, Mural art, etc. in the Song Dynasty. The female seat has roughly experienced the evolution process from male to female (users), small to large and low to high in the Song Dynasty. The living space of women is confined to the boudoir and courtyard of the private gardens in the Song Dynasty, which leads to the use of small removable seat, such as sitting piers and stools suitable for family life. The contradiction between the amusement demand of women in the garden and their own physiological defects (foot binding) in the Song Dynasty produces a special view seat which calls “Lan Kan Gou Chuang” based on the combination of seat and architecture (beauty leaning). The rise of public gardens promotes the development of women’s outdoor travel seat in the Song Dynasty. The feminine aesthetic characteristics of gardens in the Song Dynasty construct the intrinsic relationship among garden, female seat and female.
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