文章摘要
柳冠中,李和森.设计事理学:目标的抽象化与具象化[J].包装工程,2021,42(12):1-6, 31.
设计事理学:目标的抽象化与具象化
Design Matterology:Abstraction and Concretization of the Targets
投稿时间:2021-03-10  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2021.12.001
中文关键词: 设计事理学  事系统  抽象思维  动词思考  目标系统  外部因素
英文关键词: design matterology  matter system  Abstract thinking  verb thinking  target system  external factors
基金项目:湖北美术学院2020年度重大科研培育资助项目(20ZD03)
作者单位
柳冠中 清华大学北京 100084 
李和森 广东工业大学广州 510000
湖北美术学院武汉 430205 
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中文摘要:
      目的 突出“设计”中谋事目标的重要性,强调在将设计作为谋事手段时应注重抽象思维和动词思考的运用,注重外部因素和目标系统之间内在逻辑关系的研究。方法 通过描述事系统性构成因素关系的复杂性,说明目标与设计在谋事过程中的作用;再通过文献研究,论述抽象思维概念、特点及其在目标的抽象化研究过程中的应用,阐述动词思考对研究事系统和创造工具的优势;接着通过内部因素和外部因素的关系研究,论述在目标具体化的研究过程中,目标系统的建立和实“事”—求“是”的原理;最后借助“信息传达”的谋事案例分析,探究外部因素达到谋事目标的研究过程,解释设计的核心价值在于协调关系。结果 通过分析以谋事为核心的目标抽象化和具体化的研究过程,诠释事理学研究问题的逻辑。结论 阐述了基于实现目标的外部因素限制的研究思路与方法,为运用设计事理学研究问题的同行们提供参考。
英文摘要:
      thinking and verb thinking, but also the study of the internal logical relationship between external factors and target system when taking design as a mean.The role of target and design in the process of planning matters are explained by describing the complexity of the relationship between the constituent factors of matter system. The concept and characteristics of Abstract thinking and its application in the process of Abstract research on targets are discussed, and the advantages of verb thinking on research matter system and creation of tools are expounded through literature research. Then, the establishment of the target system and the principle of “seeking truth from facts” in the research process of the target concretization are discussed through the study of the relationship between internal factors and external factors. Finally, the core value of design lying in the coordination relationship is explained by exploring the external factors to achieve the targets of planning matter with the help of the case “information transmission”. The logic of the problems in the research of matterology is interpreted through the research process of Abstractness and concretization of the target which takes the matter as the core.The research ideas and methods of the external factors limiting the target are expounded, which provides reference for the peers who study the problem by using design matterology.
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