文章摘要
张苗,江牧.传统书院中个体与群体的空间行为及体验研究[J].包装工程,2021,42(12):248-256.
传统书院中个体与群体的空间行为及体验研究
Individual and Group Spatial Behavior and Experiences in Traditional Academies
投稿时间:2021-02-18  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2021.12.035
中文关键词: 儒家  环境知觉  空间行为  用户体验
英文关键词: Confucianist  ambient awareness  spatial behavior  user experience (UE)
基金项目:2017年度国家社科基金艺术学项目“中国南方儒家书院景观及其生态智慧研究”(17BH156);2020年度江苏省研究生科研与实践创新计划(KYCX20_2735)的研究成果。
作者单位
张苗 苏州大学苏州 215000 
江牧 苏州大学苏州 215000 
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中文摘要:
      目的 以心理学为切入点,还原传统书院空间中的儒生个体及群体行为模式及其深层的行为动因,得出儒家文化影响下儒生行为模式的特殊性与普遍性,建立历史中儒家文化空间的用户行为研究模型,通过对奉行“天人合一”人地关系的儒家人在环境中的体验研究,发掘将环境视作一个大的产品,对人学习修行起到促进作用的方式。该研究视角的出发点是人本主义,具有普适性,同样适用于佛教和道教传统空间中的人的体验研究。方法 通过从普通心理学的基础理论与古代儒生的行为模式结合,将书院空间视为促进儒生学修行为的工具对象,在书院学习的人视为用户,从环境对儒生的感官刺激以及儒生对环境的知觉特征剖析得出儒生在儒家思想指导下的空间行为特征。反之,通过儒生的空间行为表征与环境的关系和作用得出两者的互动关系。最终整体上建立双重双向的研究思路,具体探讨历史中儒家文化空间中的用户行为模式与行为生成的动因以及传统书院空间交互作用的科学内因与其双向影响关系建构的可信度。结论 传统书院通过多层次的空间信息刺激来满足儒生用户群体学修行为的多样性,通过正向刺激、恒定刺激、反向刺激分别为儒生群体的祭祀、学习、以及静坐的学修行为提供相应的空间体验。随着儒生在书院空间对象中的步移景移,书院空间可提供动态、流动的用户体验。
英文摘要:
      Taking psychology as the breakthrough point, this paper attempts to restore the individual and group behavior patterns of Confucian students in the space of traditional academies as well as their deep-seated behavior motivations, obtain the particularity and universality of Confucian students’ behavior patterns under the influence of Confucian culture, and establish a research model of user behavior in the space of Confucian culture in history. The starting point of this research perspective is humanism, which is universal and also applicable to the study of human experience in the traditional space of Buddhism and Taoism. By combining the basic theory of general psychology with the behavior pattern of ancient Confucian scholars, the academy space is regarded as the tool object to promote Confucian scholars’ practice, and the people studying in the academy are regarded as users. The spatial behavior characteristics of Confucian scholars under the guidance of Confucianism are analyzed from the sensory stimulation of environment and the perceptual characteristics of Confucian students to the environment. On the contrary, the interactive relationship between Confucian scholars' spatial behavior representation and environment is obtained through the relationship and function between them. In the end, a dual and two-way research approach is established to discuss the user behavior pattern and the causes of the behavior generation in the Confucian cultural space in history, as well as the scientific internal causes of the spatial interaction of traditional academies and the credibility of the relationship construction of their two-way influence. The traditional academies satisfy the diversity of Confucian students' learning behaviors through multi-level spatial information stimulation, and provide corresponding spatial experience for Confucian students’ worship, learning and sitting learning behaviors through positive stimulation, constant stimulation and reverse stimulation, respectively. The academy space can provide a dynamic and fluid user experience (UE) as the Confucian scholars move in the academy space.
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