文章摘要
宋绪丁,庞利沙.碳纤维树脂基复合材料及成型工艺与应用研究进展[J].包装工程,2021,42(14):81-91.
碳纤维树脂基复合材料及成型工艺与应用研究进展
Research Advances in Molding Technology and Application of Carbon Fiber and Its Resin Matrix Composites
投稿时间:2021-05-23  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2021.14.009
中文关键词: 碳纤维  树脂基复合材料  碳纤维界面结合性能  成型  应用
英文关键词: carbon fiber  resin matrix composites  interfacial bonding properties of matrix and carbon fiber  molding  application
基金项目:
作者单位
宋绪丁 长安大学 道路施工技术与装备教育部重点实验室西安 710064 
庞利沙 长安大学 道路施工技术与装备教育部重点实验室西安 710064
武警工程大学西安 710086 
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中文摘要:
      目的 碳纤维树脂基复合材料的可设计性和性能优越性使得碳纤维及其树脂基复合材料的应用范围不断拓展。文章简述了碳纤维的性能、发展和分类,研究碳纤维树脂基复合材料的性能影响因素、成型工艺及应用领域,探索其未来研究的发展方向。方法 采用文献调研法,梳理和汇总国内外关于碳纤维树脂基复合材料的制备及应用研究,分析国内外关于其性能影响因素、成型工艺和应用领域的研究进展。结论 碳纤维树脂基复合材料性能受碳纤维含量、基体和碳纤维界面结合性能等因素的影响。国内碳纤维树脂基复合材料的成型技术主要以传统成型工艺为主,不同性能要求和结构特点的构件采用不同成型工艺。应用范围从航空航天、军工领域不断拓展至民用领域,生产制备的高效能化和低成本化是其未来发展方向。此外,环境问题及碳纤维的回收利用是未来碳纤维及其复合材料应用的关键问题。
英文摘要:
      The designability and the performance superiority of carbon fiber resin matrix composites make the application scope of carbon fiber and its resin matrix composites expand continuously. In this paper, the properties, development and classification of carbon fiber are summarized and the influencing factors of the properties, forming process and application fields of carbon fiber resin matrix composites are studied.The research direction of carbon fiber and its resin matrix composites is put forward for the future. Through literature survey, the research on preparation and application of carbon fiber resin matrix composites are summarized, and the research progress on the influencing factors of its properties, the molding process and application field at home and abroad are analyzed. The properties of carbon fiber resin matrix composites are affected by the content of carbon fiber and the interfacial bonding properties of matrix and carbon fiber. At present, the molding technology of carbon fiber resin matrix composites in China is mainly based on the traditional molding process, and different molding processes are used for components with different performance requirements and structural characteristics. The application scope is expanding from aerospace, military industry to civil field, and the high efficiency and low cost of production and preparation is the future development direction. In addition, environmental problems and carbon fiber recycling are the key issues for the future application of carbon fiber and its composites.
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