文章摘要
宋夷白,宣炜,蹇宇珊.基于KJ-AHP法的旧社区老年设施全龄化设计研究[J].包装工程,2021,42(22):165-169.
基于KJ-AHP法的旧社区老年设施全龄化设计研究
Design the Old Community Elderly Facilities for All Ages Based on KJ-AHP
投稿时间:2021-08-09  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2021.22.021
中文关键词: KJ-AHP法  旧社区  老年设施  全龄化设计
英文关键词: KJ-AHP method  old community  facilities for the elderly  design for all ages
基金项目:
作者单位
宋夷白 江南大学无锡 214122 
宣炜 江南大学无锡 214122 
蹇宇珊 江南大学无锡 214122 
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中文摘要:
      目的 对老年设施全龄化的各项指标及设计方法进行探讨,得出全龄化设计的基本策略,以满足旧社区老年人群的心理需求。方法 运用亲和图法(KJ)筛选、整理老旧社区住户养老需求,提出老年设施针对性的优化途径,通过文献研究、用户访谈等方式总结出老年设施全龄化设计的原则,采用层次分析法(AHP)分析全龄化设计原则与优化途径的关联排序,确定设计方法。结果 依据KJ-AHP法的分析结果总结旧社区老年设施全龄化设计策略为全年龄群体共享。结论 通过实践证明,将结合KJ法和AHP法的KJ-AHP法用于产品设计阶段的策略选择,具有可行性。通过定性和定量分析,可以精准捕捉用户的真实需求,更加直观、有效地归纳出应用新理论解决问题的策略。
英文摘要:
      The aim of the present study was to explore the indexes and design methods of the elderly facilities for all ages and obtain the basic strategies of the design for all ages,which is designed in order to meet the psychological needs of the elderly who live in the old communities. The Affinity Diagram (KJ) was used to sort out the demands of aging security for the residents of old communities and put forward the optimization approach for the facilities for the elderly. Furthermore, summarizing the principles of the facilities for the elderly through literature research, user interviews and so on. In addition, The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used to analyze the associations between the principles of design for all ages and optimization approaches to determine the design method. According to the analysis results of KJ-AHP method, the design strategy of the old community elderly facilities for all ages is summarized, as follows which includes all-age group sharing, multi-function combination, and assembly of each module.Through practice, it has been proved that the KJ-AHP method combined with KJ method and Analytic Hierarchy Process was feasible. It can also accurately capture the real needs of users, conduct qualitative and quantitative analysis, and more intuitively and effectively summarize the methods to solve problems by applying the new theory.
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