文章摘要
王韫,何丽雯,王党校.智能家居中的触觉交互体验[J].包装工程,2022,43(16):37-49, 108.
智能家居中的触觉交互体验
Haptic Interaction Experience in Smart Homes
  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2022.16.004
中文关键词: 智能家居  触觉交互  触觉体验  触觉界面  可触家居表面
英文关键词: s of the 2019 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York:ACM, 2019.
基金项目:自然科学基金面上项目(62172252)
作者单位
王韫 北京航空航天大学 机械工程及自动化学院 虚拟现实技术与系统国家重点实验室北京 100191
清华大学 美术学院 未来实验室北京 100084 
何丽雯 北京航空航天大学 机械工程及自动化学院 虚拟现实技术与系统国家重点实验室北京 100191 
王党校 北京航空航天大学 机械工程及自动化学院 虚拟现实技术与系统国家重点实验室北京 100191 
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中文摘要:
      目的 触觉是人类主动感知和响应外部世界及其他个体最直接、关键的感官渠道,近年已成为交互设计和用户体验设计的热点主题。由于触觉感知维度多、传感和驱动技术多样化,以及家居环境中已存在诸多天然触觉反馈等原因,触觉交互在智能家居场景中仍没有得到充分利用。在智能家居系统逐步普及的今天,触觉交互有助于智能设备更自然地融入用户熟悉的日常生活场景中,优化用户体验。方法 基于智能家居自然交互的内涵和发展趋势,论述了触觉的自然性优势和触觉交互技术的现状,确定了家居情境下的触觉交互界面的应用基础和设计框架。结论 通过大量案例调研发现,以辨别功能为主的触觉交互可以在智能家居的控制、监测、安全和提示场景中降低成本、提高操作效率、交互自然性和用户舒适度,保留用户熟悉的家居样式和与之相关的生活方式,优化用户的智能生活体验;同时,触觉交互还可以在感官增强、情感沟通、多模态媒体等方面提出新方案和新设备,发挥触觉独特的情感承载能力,为用户拓展智能家居的沉浸体验。此外,列举了一系列助力设计师搭建触觉交互体验的设计工具。
英文摘要:
      Touch, as the most direct and essential sensory channel for human beings to actively perceive and respond to the external world and other individuals, has become a research focus of interaction design and user experience design in recent years. Due to the multiple dimensions of human haptic perception, the diversity of sensing and driving technologies, and the existence of various natural tactile feedback inside the home, haptic interaction has not been fully utilized in smart home scenarios. Today, with the gradual popularization of smart home systems, haptic interaction helps smart devices to more naturally integrate into the daily life scenes familiar with users, and optimize the user experience. Based on the connotation and development trend of natural human-computer interaction in smart home, this paper discusses the natural advantages of touch the current haptic technologies, as well as determines the adequate technologies and design framework of haptic interfaces in the home context. Through a large number of case studies, it can be found that discriminating haptic interaction can reduce the cost, improve the operation efficiency, interaction naturalness and user comfort in the control, monitoring, display and security scenes of smart home, while retaining the familiar household objects and related lifestyle of users, optimize their smart living experience; at the same time, haptic interaction can also put forward new solutions and new devices in sensory enhancement, emotional communication, multimodal media and other aspects, bringing into play the unique emotion-carrying ability of touch, while expanding the immersion experience of smart home for users. In addition, a series of design tools are listed to help designers build haptic interaction experience.
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