文章摘要
罗晓庆,张玉萍,杨一,杨爔,黄丹.基于AHP的塔式起重机智能驾驶室设计研究[J].包装工程,2022,43(16):144-152.
基于AHP的塔式起重机智能驾驶室设计研究
Design and Research of Tower Crane Intelligent Cab Based on AHP
  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2022.16.016
中文关键词: 层次分析法  塔式起重机  智能技术  驾驶室设计  用户需求
英文关键词: analytic hierarchy process  tower crane  intellectual technology  design of cab  user demand
基金项目:四川省哲学社会科学重点研究基地现代设计与文化研究中心资助项目(MD21E019);西华大学2018年研究生创新基金项目(ycjj2020095)
作者单位
罗晓庆 西华大学成都 610039 
张玉萍 西华大学成都 610039 
杨一 四川建设机械集团股份有限公司成都 610039 
杨爔 西华大学成都 610039 
黄丹 西华大学成都 610039 
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中文摘要:
      目的 解决塔式起重机驾驶员在工作中的痛点和需求,如驾驶员需长时间待在空间狭小的塔机驾驶室内,而驾驶室内存在无法上厕所、布局不合理、操作不便等问题。基于用户需求和智能性发展趋势为未来塔机驾驶室设计提供有效的指导。方法 通过相关文献研究,运用访谈法调研用户需求,并将其转化为设计点和智能技术结合点,建立塔机智能驾驶室设计需求层次分析模型,通过层次分析法得出各需求要素的权重值,并完成一致性检验,最终得到一个优质的设计方案。结论 总结了塔机驾驶员的痛点及需求,并将其转化为设计点和智能技术结合点,以此提出了塔机智能驾驶室的设计需求层次分析模型,其中一级指标的重要排序为安全性、舒适性、智能性和便捷性。最后基于用户需求和塔机未来发展趋势设计了一款塔机智能驾驶室方案,从智能监控系统、智能交互系统、智能卫生系统、智能玻璃界面等方面进行了设计和应用。
英文摘要:
      It is committed to solving the pain points and demands of tower crane drivers at work:the driver needs to stay in the tower crane cab with a narrow space for a long time; the cab makes it difficult for drivers to go to the toilet; the cab is designed with an unreasonable layout, which is inconvenient for operation, etc,. Based on user demands and intelligent development trend, this paper aims to provide effective guidance for the design of tower crane cab. Through literature study, interview method is used to research user requirements and translate them into the design point and smart technology combining site, and set up the level of the tower crane intelligent cab design demand analysis model. The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is used to calculate the weights of every demand indexes, and complete the consistency check, then end up with a design scheme of high quality. This paper summarizes the pain points and demands of tower crane drivers and transforms them into design points and intelligent technology combination points. Based on this, a hierarchical analysis model of design requirements for tower crane intelligent cab is proposed, in which the important order of the first level indexes is safety, comfort, intelligence and convenience. Finally, based on user demands and the future development trend of tower crane, a tower crane intelligent cab scheme is designed and applied from intelligent monitoring system, intelligent interaction system, intelligent health system, intelligent glass interface and other aspects.
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