文章摘要
姚健,刘郅政,季曦冉,付久强.包容性导向下的智能家居设计研究现状与展望[J].包装工程,2024,(6):1-13.
包容性导向下的智能家居设计研究现状与展望
Research Status and Prospect of Inclusion-oriented Smart Home Design
投稿时间:2023-10-12  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2024.06.001
中文关键词: 包容性设计  智能家居  设计综述  设计趋势
英文关键词: inclusive design  smart home  design review  design trend
基金项目:
作者单位
姚健 北京理工大学 设计与艺术学院北京 102488 
刘郅政 北京理工大学 设计与艺术学院北京 102488 
季曦冉 北京理工大学 设计与艺术学院北京 102488 
付久强 北京理工大学 设计与艺术学院北京 102488 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探究包容性导向下,现阶段智能家居设计的研究现状与未来发展趋势。方法 以智能家居为研究对象,归纳阐述智能家居的包容性设计伦理内涵。根据包容性导向下的智能家居设计维度与场景,探究当前智能家居包容性设计的研究热点,并对未来发展趋势进行展望。结果 当前包容性导向下的智能家居设计应综合考量功能的包容实用、操作的简单通用、体验的灵活一致、方案的多样接纳四个维度,呈现出以特定功能的家居单品、协同互联的家居组合与多维通用的家居系统为主的应用场景。研究热点集中于关注生理机能的适应性设计、关注情感偏好的关怀性设计、关注认知记忆的易用性设计与关注行为活动的辅助性设计。结论 总结得出未来的研究趋势为,(1)智能设备需要统一、整合与宁静;(2)社会生活的全面智能化;(3)智能的“消逝”,生活世界的本质回归。通过对包容性导向下的智能家居设计进行分析,以期为实现数智化发展趋势下的智能家居创新性发展提供一定参考。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to explore the current research status and future development trend of smart home design under the guidance of inclusiveness. With smart home as the research object, the inclusive design ethics connotation of smart home was summarized and expounded. According to the dimensions and scenarios of inclusion-oriented smart home design, the current research hotspots of inclusion-oriented smart home design were explored, and the future development trend was forecasted. The current inclusion-oriented smart home design should comprehensively consider four dimensions of inclusive and practical functions, simple and universal operation, flexible and consistent experience, and diverse acceptance of solutions, presenting application scenarios dominated by home items with specific functions, collaborative and interconnected home combinations, and multi-dimensional and universal home systems. The research focused on adaptive design emphasizing physiological function, caring design emphasizing emotional preference, ease-of-use design emphasizing cognitive memory and auxiliary design emphasizing behavioral activity. The future research trends are summarized as follows:(1) Intelligent devices need unity, integration and tranquility; (2) Comprehensive intelligence of social life; and (3) The "disappearance" of intelligence and the return of the essence of the living world. Through the analysis of the inclusion-oriented smart home design, it is expected to provide some reference for the innovative development of smart home under the development trend of digital intelligence.
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