文章摘要
梁爽,祁娜.基于无意识设计的地铁腰靠布局研究[J].包装工程,2024,(6):86-92.
基于无意识设计的地铁腰靠布局研究
Layout of Lumbar Support in Subway Based on Unconscious Design
投稿时间:2023-10-10  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2024.06.009
中文关键词: 无意识设计  地铁乘客站位  腰靠布局设计
英文关键词: unconscious design  standing position of subway passenger  lumbar layout design
基金项目:四川省哲社重点研究基地“社会发展与社会风险控制研究中心”一般项目(SR22A10);西华大学校人才引进项目(Z202110)
作者单位
梁爽 西华大学成都 610039 
祁娜 西华大学成都 610039 
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中文摘要:
      目的 无意识设计能引起用户对新事物的亲切感,从而实现用户与设计之间的有效交流。本研究旨在观察地铁乘客的无意识站位选择行为,对车厢内腰靠布局进行研究,在有效利用地铁内部空间的同时,缓解地铁站立乘客的腰部压力。方法 首先,归纳了“无意识”“无意识设计”的概念;其次,通过问卷调查与用户访谈的方式获取乘客的显性需求以证实腰靠研究的必要性;再次,通过观察乘客的无意识站位选择行为并进行成因分析,获取乘客的隐性需求,并从人机工程学的角度验证腰靠布局的可行性与合理性;最后,总结得出地铁腰靠布局的设计原则,进行设计实践。结论 基于无意识理念的地铁腰靠布局设计,能够更好地服务于乘客,不仅能改善站立乘客的乘车感受,也为今后地铁腰靠设计应用带来指导意义。
英文摘要:
      Unconscious design can arouse users' affinity for new things, thus realizing effective communication between users and design. The work aims to observe the unconscious standing position selection behavior of subway passengers, and study the layout of lumbar support in the carriage, so as to alleviate the lumbar pressure of standing passengers while effectively utilizing the internal space of the subway. Firstly, the concepts of "unconscious" and "unconscious design" were summarized. Secondly, the explicit needs of passengers were obtained through questionnaire surveys and user interviews to confirm the necessity of the lumbar support study. Thirdly, the unconscious standing position selection behaviors of passengers were observed and the causes were analyzed, to obtain the implicit needs of passengers and verify the feasibility and reasonableness of the lumbar support layout from the perspective of ergonomics. Lastly, the design principles of lumbar support in the subway were summarized to carry out design practice. The lumbar support layout design based on the unconscious concept in the subway can better serve the passengers, not only improving the experience of standing passengers, but also bringing guiding significance to the application of subway lumbar support design in the future.
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