文章摘要
郑林欣.基于用户行为的产品设计原则[J].包装工程,2016,37(14):73-76.
基于用户行为的产品设计原则
Product Design Rules Based on the User Behaviors
投稿时间:2016-01-01  修订日期:2016-07-20
DOI:
中文关键词: 用户行为  产品设计  行为相符  行为相关  行为相似  行为相悖
英文关键词: user behaviors  product design  behavior-conform  behavior-related  behavior-consistent  behavior-against
基金项目:2014 年浙江省科技厅工业设计科技项目(2014D40226)
作者单位
郑林欣 浙江科技学院杭州 310023 
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中文摘要:
      目的 指导设计师设计出能够便利、引导或者约束用户行为的产品。 方法 通过分析相关案例,归纳出了行为相符、行为相关、行为相似以及行为相悖 4 个设计原则,并探讨了相应的设计方法和思路。 结论 行为相符原则满足用户的生理要求,设计师要考虑用户和产品互动过程中的人机数据;行为相关原则满足用户便利的需求,设计师要挖掘和产品有关的用户行为,通过功能复合提供更周全的服务;行为相似原则满足行为方式的传承与认同,设计师要挖掘处于某种文化脉络中的用户行为习惯,设计出吻合用户的操作习惯和满足他们的情感体验的产品;行为相悖原则是防止用户不当行为,设计师要通过设计打断某些行为的连续性,对用户的某些不安全行为进行约束。
英文摘要:
      It helps designers to design products which promote, restrict and guide user behaviors. According to four design rules such as behavior-conform, behavior-related, behavior-consistent and behavior-against rule, the corresponding approaches of design methods have been discussed through case study. The behavior-conform rule meets users' physical needs. A designer has to consider the human-machine data from the user-product interactive process. The behavior-related rule meets users' needs for convenience. A designer has to explore user behaviors and provides comprehensive services by integrated functions. The behavior-consistent rule meets the requirements of succession and recognition of behavior styles. A designer has to explore users' behavior habits from certain culture context and design products which fit for users′ operating habits and satisfy users' emotional experiences. The behavior-against rule is about preventing users' improper behaviors. A designer uses designs to stop the continuity of certain behavior and restrict users' insecure behaviors.
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