文章摘要
赵启逊,陈国东,潘荣,陈毓灏.问题解决理论下的设计认知策略[J].包装工程,2021,42(22):231-239.
问题解决理论下的设计认知策略
Design Cognitive Strategy for Problem-solving Theory
投稿时间:2021-07-31  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2021.22.029
中文关键词: 设计认知策略  问题解决  认知类型  问题空间
英文关键词: design cognitive strategy  problem-solving  cognition type  problem space
基金项目:
作者单位
赵启逊 浙江农林大学杭州 311300 
陈国东 浙江农林大学杭州 311300 
潘荣 浙江农林大学杭州 311300 
陈毓灏 浙江农林大学杭州 311300 
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中文摘要:
      目的 设计认知策略是设计认知研究的重要主题。目前,国内外学者对设计认知策略展开了广泛研究。本文旨在探索设计认知策略的研究和发展趋势,为设计中的问题解决活动和设计行为特征提供新的理解。方法 以问题解决理论为基础,回顾问题解决策略和问题空间的概念,引出设计认知策略与问题解决理论间的实际联系。以时间线的形式展开叙述,系统地评述当前的研究现状,重点分析设计认知策略与协同进化研究的发展,总结不同研究阶段的成果与特点,指出其缺陷与不足。进一步对设计认知策略的研究方法展开叙述,讨论了数据的获取途径与处理方式。结论 在理论发展和研究方法阐述的基础上,为设计认知策略研究的局限性提出未来研究方向。从创造力、计算机辅助设计工具和人工智能的角度指出设计认知策略的应用前景。
英文摘要:
      Design cognitive strategy is an essential topic in the research of design cognition. At present, domestic and foreign scholars have carried out extensive research on design cognitive strategy. The purpose of this paper is to explore the research and development trend of design cognitive strategy and to provide a new understanding of problem-solving activities and design behavior characteristics in design. Based on the theory of problem-solving, this paper reviews the concepts of problem-solving strategy and problem space and leads to the solid connection between design cognitive strategy and problem-solving theory. This paper narrates in the form of a timeline, systematically reviews the current research status, focuses on the development of design cognitive strategy and co-evolution research, summarizes the achievements and characteristics of different research stages, and points out their defects and shortcomings. It further describes the research methods of design cognitive strategies and discusses the ways to obtain and process data. On the basis of theoretical development and research method elaboration, this paper puts forward the outlook of the research direction for the limitations of current research on design cognitive strategy. From the perspectives of creativity, computer-aided design tools and artificial intelligence, the application prospects of design cognitive strategy are presented.
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