文章摘要
文杰.老龄化背景下的适老化座便器设计研究[J].包装工程,2021,42(22):381-387, 398.
老龄化背景下的适老化座便器设计研究
Design of Suitable Toilet for Aging under the Background of Aging
投稿时间:2021-08-10  
DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2021.22.050
中文关键词: 老龄化  适老化  座便器  操作方式
英文关键词: aging  suitable for aging  toilet  operation mode
基金项目:洛阳市社会科学规划项目(2018A042)
作者单位
文杰 洛阳理工学院洛阳 471000 
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中文摘要:
      目的 我国老龄化问题日趋严重,以用户为中心,兼顾老年人特殊的生理需求和心理需求,改善老年人如厕体验,提高老年人生活质量。方法 分析市场上现有座便器的优缺点,针对老年群体,通过文献研究法、问卷调查法、用户访谈法、角色扮演法等研究老年人使用座便器的行为方式及产品需求,寻求安全、易用和有情感的适老化座便器设计方案。结果 根据老年人对座便器列举的希望点内容,设计出满足用户需求,具有良好使用体验的适老化座便器。结论 调整座便器内部结构,设置独立管道与环形管道2个出口,增强水流强度,使整体冲洗更洁净;减轻老年人扭身负担,为用户提供更合理的操作方式;扶手方便老年人借力,腰靠和臀部压力坐垫减少腰部和腿部受力,提高使用上的舒适性,客观上改善了老年人的如厕体验。
英文摘要:
      With the deepening of aging problem in China, this paper aims to take the user as the center, take into account the special physiological and psychological needs of the elderly, and improve the toilet experience of the elderly and the quality of life of the elderly. This paper analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of the existing toilet in the market. For the elderly group, through literature research, questionnaire survey, user interview, role play and other methods, this paper studies the behavior and product demand of the elderly using toilet, and seeks a safe, easy-to-use, emotional and aging toilet design scheme. According to the hope points listed by the elderly for the toilet, an aging toilet with good use experience is designed to meet the needs of users. Adjust the internal structure of the toilet and set two outlets of independent pipe and annular pipe to enhance the water flow intensity and make the overall flushing cleaner; Reduce the burden of twisting the elderly and provide users with more reasonable operation methods; The armrest is convenient for the elderly. The pressure cushion on the waist and hip reduces the stress on the waist and legs, improves the comfort of use, and objectively improves the toilet experience of the elderly.
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